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Substrate-binding proteins (SBP) are associated with a wide variety of protein complexes. The proteins are part of ATP-binding cassette transporters for substrate uptake, ion gradient driven transporters, DNA-binding proteins, as well as channels and receptors from both pro- and eukaryotes. A wealth of structural and functional data is available on SBPs,(More)
Nisin is a model system for lantibiotics, a class of peptides displaying antimicrobial activity against various Gram-positive bacteria. After ribosomal synthesis, the precursor peptide is modified in two steps, of which the last one involves consecutive cyclization reactions mediated by the cyclase NisC. Here, we present a detailed in vitro study of the(More)
Integral membrane proteins are involved in virtually every cellular process. Precisely regulating these machineries would allow controlling many human and vertebrate diseases. Embedded into cellular membranes, membrane proteins establish molecular interactions that sensitively react to environmental changes and to molecular compounds, such as ligands or(More)
Na+/H+ antiporters are pH-dependent membrane transport proteins that maintain the homeostasis of H+ and Na+ in living cells. MjNhaP1 from Methanococcus jannaschii, a hyperthermophilic archaeon that grows optimally at 85 degrees C, was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Two-dimensional crystals were obtained from purified protein at pH 4. Electron(More)
The LrpA protein from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus belongs to the Lrp/AsnC family of transcriptional regulatory proteins, of which the Escherichia coli leucine-responsive regulatory protein is the archetype. Its crystal structure has been determined at 2.9 A resolution and is the first for a member of the Lrp/AsnC family, as well as(More)
Stable E1 transformed cells, like PER.C6, are able to grow at scale and to high cell densities. E1-deleted adenoviruses replicate to high titer in PER.C6 cells whereas subsequent deletion of E2A from the vector results in absence of replication in PER.C6 cells and drastically lowers the expression of adenovirus proteins in such cells. We therefore(More)
Lantibiotics are small peptides produced by Gram-positive bacteria, which are ribosomally synthesized as a prepeptide. Their genes are highly organized in operons containing all the genes required for maturation, transport, immunity and synthesis. The best-characterized lantibiotic is nisin from Lactococcus lactis. Nisin is active against other(More)
The adaptive immunity of bacteria against foreign nucleic acids, mediated by CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats), relies on the specific incorporation of short pieces of the invading foreign DNA into a special genomic locus, termed CRISPR array. The stored sequences (spacers) are subsequently used in the form of small RNAs(More)
The prokaryotic immune system, CRISPR, confers an adaptive and inheritable defense mechanism against invasion by mobile genetic elements. Guided by small CRISPR RNAs (crRNAs), a diverse family of CRISPR-associated (Cas) proteins mediates the targeting and inactivation of foreign DNA. Here, we demonstrate that Csn2, a Cas protein likely involved in spacer(More)
The ATP-binding cassette transporter ChoVWX is one of several choline import systems operating in Sinorhizobium meliloti. Here fluorescence-based ligand binding assays were used to quantitate substrate binding by the periplasmic ligand-binding protein ChoX. These data confirmed that ChoX recognizes choline and acetylcholine with high and medium affinity,(More)