Sander Evers

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A PCR assay that allows simultaneous detection of glycopeptide resistance genotypes and identification to the species level of clinically relevant enterococci (Enterococcus faecium, E. faecalis, E. gallinarum, and E. casseliflavus) was developed. This assay was based on specific amplification of internal fragments of genes encoding D-alanine:D-alanine(More)
Inducible resistance to high levels of glycopeptide antibiotics in clinical isolates of enterococci is mediated by Tn1546 or related transposons. Tn1546 encodes the VanH dehydrogenase which reduces pyruvate to D-lactate (D-Lac) and the VanA ligase which catalyses synthesis of the depsipeptide D-alanyl-D-lactate (D-Ala-D-Lac). The depsipeptide replaces the(More)
Glycopeptide resistance in enterococci is phenotypically and genotypically heterogeneous. The genes responsible for inducible resistance to high levels of vancomycin and teicoplanin (VanA phenotype) are carried by the 10,851-bp Tn1546 transposon. Transposition of Tn1546 into self-transferable plasmids and subsequent transfer by conjugation appears to be(More)
Thirty-nine strains of Enterococcus faecium and Enterococcus faecalis resistant to vancomycin and susceptible to teicoplanin on disk susceptibility testing (phenotypic class B) were isolated in 15 hospitals in Europe and the United States. The MICs of vancomycin for these strains ranged from 4 to 1024 micrograms/mL. Part of the vancomycin resistance gene(More)
This paper presents FunctionalForms, a combinator library for constructing fully functioning forms in a concise and flexible way. A form is a part of a graphical user interface (GUI) restricted to displaying a value and allowing the user to modify it. The library is built on top of the medium-level GUI library wxHaskell. To obtain complete separation(More)
We propose a unified and complete solution for expert finding in organizations, including not only expertise identification, but also expertise selection functionality. The latter two include the use of implicit and explicit preferences of users on meeting each other, as well as localization and planning as important auxiliary processes. We also propose a(More)
We report the cloning and sequencing of a 632-bp amplified fragment internal to the vanB gene of vancomycin-resistant (VmR) Enterococcus (En.) faecalis V583. The DNA fragment hybridized to VmR strains of En. faecium and En. faecalis, but not to their susceptible derivatives.
Acquired VanA- and VanB-type glycopeptide resistance in enterococci is due to synthesis of modified peptidoglycan precursors terminating in D-lactate. As opposed to VanA-type strains which are resistant to both vancomycin and teicoplanin, VanB-type strains remain teicoplanin susceptible. We have determined the sequence of a 7,160-bp DNA fragment associated(More)
A pair of degenerate oligodeoxyribonucleotides was used to amplify, by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), DNA fragments internal to genes encoding D-Ala:D-Ala ligase-related proteins of vancomycin-resistant (VmR) Enterococcus faecalis V583. Cloning and nucleotide sequencing of the PCR products indicated that fragments of two genes, designated vanB and(More)
Acquired resistance to glycopeptides in enterococci is associated with the production of D-Alanine:D-Alanine ligase-related proteins. The VanA protein associated with high-level vancomycin and teicoplanin resistance (VanA phenotype) synthesizes a new peptidoglycan precursor, D-alanine-D-lactate, that has reduced glycopeptide affinity. Production of a(More)