Sander Croes

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Since bacteria embedded in biofilms are far more difficult to eradicate than planktonic infections, it would be useful to know whether certain Staphylococcus aureus lineages are especially involved in strong biofilm formation. For this reason, in vitro biofilm formation of 228 clinical S. aureus isolates of distinct clonal lineages was investigated. At 0.1%(More)
AIM To investigate the association between the use of incretin agents and the risk of pancreatic cancer. METHODS A retrospective population-based cohort study, using data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, 2007-2012, was conducted. Patients (n = 182 428) with at least one non-insulin antidiabetic drug (NIAD) prescription and aged ≥18 years(More)
Central venous catheters (CVCs) have become indispensable in the treatment of neonates and patients undergoing chemotherapy or hemodialysis. A CVC provides easy access to the patient's circulation, thus enabling facile monitoring of hemodynamic parameters, nutritional support, or administration of (cytostatic) medication. However, complications with CVCs,(More)
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of aminoglycosides has been a topic during the last thirty years. There is a tendency that - because of the once-daily regimen - TDM is considered not necessary anymore. Although once daily dosing has the potential for decreased toxicity, long-term usage can cause severe nephro- and ototoxicity. Furthermore, inadequate(More)
BACKGROUND To compare vancomycin pharmacokinetic parameters in patients with and without neutropenia. METHODS Patients ≥18 years admitted on general wards were included. Routinely vancomycin trough and peak plasma concentrations were measured with a fluorescence polarization immunoassay. Pharmacokinetic parameters of individual patients were determined(More)
Since it is unknown whether β-lactam antimicrobial agents can be used effectively against borderline oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (BORSA) with oxacillin MICs ≥4 mg/L, the in vitro bactericidal activity and pharmacodynamic effect of oxacillin against clinical BORSA isolates was evaluated. Time-kill experiments with oxacillin were performed and(More)
Percutaneous (skin-penetrating) catheters such as central venous catheters (CVCs), are used ubiquitously in the treatment of critically ill patients, although it is known that the risks for serious complications, particularly bloodstream infection and thromboembolism, are high. Materials science and engineering offer important new perspectives regarding(More)
The use of rifampin as an adjunct in biofilm-associated infections is based on the ability to penetrate into biofilms and a presumed activity against dormant bacteria. Yet, its efficacy remains contradictory, and rifampin-resistant strains frequently emerge during therapy. Therefore, the efficacy against rifampin-susceptible and isogenic rifampin-resistant(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate whether vancomycin clearance (CLva) can be adequately predicted with CLva prediction methods. Additionally, other covariates influencing the CLva were investigated and predictivity of monitoring of only trough levels to 24-hour area under the curve (AUC24) was evaluated. METHODS Routine vancomycin plasma(More)