Sandeep Ravindran

Learn More
Perforin-like proteins are expressed by many bacterial and protozoan pathogens, yet little is known about their function or mode of action. Here, we describe Toxoplasma perforin-like protein 1 (TgPLP1), a secreted perforin-like protein of the intracellular protozoan pathogen Toxoplasma gondii that displays structural features necessary for pore formation.(More)
The obligate intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii infects warm-blooded animals throughout the world and is an opportunistic pathogen of humans. As it invades a host cell, Toxoplasma forms a novel organelle, the parasitophorous vacuole, in which it resides during its intracellular development. The parasite modifies the parasitophorous vacuole and its(More)
Intracellular pathogens have evolved a wide array of mechanisms to invade and co-opt their host cells for intracellular survival. Apicomplexan parasites such as Toxoplasma gondii employ the action of unique secretory organelles named rhoptries for internalization of the parasite and formation of a specialized niche within the host cell. We demonstrate that(More)
The phylum Apicomplexa consists of a diverse group of obligate, intracellular parasites. The distinct evolutionary pressures on these protozoans as they have adapted to their respective niches have resulted in a variety of methods that they use to interact with and modify their hosts. One of these is the secretion and trafficking of parasite proteins into(More)
N owadays, whether people suffer from depression, mental health disorders, or addictions, medication can help. Researchers have learned how to fine tune the brain’s functions, often by targeting chemicals called neurotransmitters and the many signaling pathways through which they act. Although certain neurotransmitters had been identified more than 40 years(More)
Pseudomonas syringae translocates effector proteins into plant cells via an Hrp1 type III secretion system (T3SS). T3SS components HrpB, HrpD, HrpF, and HrpP were shown to be pathway substrates and to contribute to elicitation of the plant hypersensitive response and to translocation and secretion of the model effector AvrPto1.
Toxoplasma gondii is a eukaryotic parasite of the phylum Apicomplexa that is able to infect a wide variety of host cells. During its active invasion process it secretes proteins from discrete secretory organelles: the micronemes, rhoptries and dense granules. Although a number of rhoptry proteins have been shown to be involved in important interactions with(More)
Macrolide antibacterial agents inhibit parasite proliferation by targeting the apicoplast ribosome. Motivated by the long-term goal of identifying antiparasitic macrolides that lack antibacterial activity, we have systematically analyzed the structure-activity relationships among erythromycin analogues and have also investigated the mechanism of action of(More)
The history of modern genetics begins with the experiments of Gregor Mendel (1822-1884). Mendel found that when hereditary traits were followed through successive generations of hybridisation, the numbers of offspring that resembled parental types were in simple numerical ratios relative to one another – 1:1, or 3:1, or 9:3:3:1, and so on. The most(More)