Sande Gracia Jones

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Monitoring hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the community is complicated by difficulties in obtaining biological specimens and biases in recruitment and follow-up. This study examined the utility of dried blood spot (DBS) specimens from IDUs recruited using respondent-driven sampling (RDS). Active IDUs underwent a(More)
We sought to corroborate geographical differences in hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence and assess whether these can be explained by differences in injecting risk behaviour. A community recruited interview survey of 1058 injecting drug users (IDU) - including a blood spot specimen for antibody testing - was undertaken in seven cities in England. HCV(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to establish the prevalence of hepatitis C antibodies (anti-HCV) and hepatitis B antibodies (anti-HBc) among injection drug users in England and Wales. METHODS A voluntary cross-sectional survey collected oral fluid samples and behavioral information; 2203 injectors were recruited through drug agencies, and 758 were recruited(More)
This paper considers the prevention of HIV in rural and urban areas among both opiate and non-opiate drug injectors. A 2-year study evaluated specialist and community based syringe-exchange provision in Wales. Numbers of clients and patterns of attendance at eight syringe-exchange schemes were monitored together with comparative cross-sectional studies of(More)
Our aim was to compare the prevalence of antibody to hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV) among recently initiated injecting drug users (IDUs) in London and Glasgow, and to identify risk factors which could explain differences in prevalence between the cities. Complementary studies of community recruited IDUs who had initiated injection drug use since 1996 were(More)
AIM To develop a short injecting risk questionnaire (IRQ) to measure sharing of injecting equipment. DESIGN Matrix design with quota assignment, designed to compare the questionnaire when used by interview and self-completion, in agency and community settings, by agency staff and fieldworkers, with different injectors (age < 26 vs. 26+; male vs. female,(More)
In 2006, the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) released recommendations calling for routine HIV testing to be offered to those ages 13 to 64 as a standard of general health care. This recommendation included a plan to conduct HIV testing as part of a general consent. The reasoning and evidence for this recommendation is supported by experts,(More)
Few HIV prevention projects have specifically targeted Latina college students. These young women may be at risk for HIV infection because of developmental issues, normative behaviors, gender roles, and cultural beliefs that affect their sexual practices. The SENORITAS project (an acronym for Student Education Needed in Order to Reduce Infection and(More)
The nursing shortage in the United States has resulted in a need for newly graduated novice nurses to rapidly transition into the nursing workforce. Although some nursing schools provide clinical experience in the intensive care unit (ICU), many novice nurses are not confident about their skills in providing critical-care nursing. To assist novice nurses in(More)
Forty-eight medical students took part in a study to assess the value of giving students some feedback about their interviewing skills. During the study they all received training from their clinical firms. In addition, 36 of the students received 1 of 3 types of feedback training. This was given by tutors who used television replays, audiotape replays or(More)