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Interactions among monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors in drugs, botanicals, and dietary supplements may lead to unpredictable neurochemical dysfunction due to excessive inhibition or therapeutic invalidation. Often recombinant MAO or brain tissue homogenates have been used to evaluate MAO inhibitors such as the β-carboline alkaloids (harmane, harmine,(More)
Synthesis and regulation of catecholamine neurotransmitters in the central nervous system are implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of neuropsychiatric disorders. To identify factors that regulate the presynaptic synthesis of catecholamines, we tested the hypothesis that the rate-limiting enzyme of the catecholamine biosynthetic pathway, tyrosine(More)
To the Editor: High throughput, plate-based cellular assays are becoming increasingly popular due to rapidity of data generation and the opportunity for a higher number of replicates than possible with older methods. Assays for DNA content based on Hoechst 33258 (H33258) fluores-cence (Rago et al. 1990) and ATP content using a kit based on a series of(More)
A recent surge in the use of dietary supplements, including herbal remedies, necessitates investigations into their safety profiles. "Dream herb," Calea zacatechichi, has long been used in traditional folk medicine for a variety of purposes and is currently being marketed in the US for medicinal purposes, including diabetes treatment. Despite the inherent(More)
Rauwolfia serpentina (or Snake root plant) is a botanical dietary supplement marketed in the USA for maintaining blood pressure. Very few studies have addressed the safety of this herb, despite its wide availability to consumers. Its reported pleiotropic effects underscore the necessity for evaluating its safety. We used a human kidney cell line to(More)
The acute oral toxicity of diglycolic acid (DGA) was evaluated. Groups of female rats (n = 8 rats/group) received 28 consecutive daily single doses of 0.3, 1.0, 3.0, 10.0, 30.0, 100.0 or 300.0 mg DGA/kg body weight by gastric intubation. One group of animals served as vehicle control. Tissues and blood serum were collected at necropsy on day 29. Select(More)
Over 50% of global lung cancer incidence occurs in less developed regions (LDRs). Despite this, little is known regarding lung cancer risk factors in LDRs such as Nepal. Using data from a hospital-based case-control study relationships between reproductive and hormonal factors and lung cancer were examined among women aged 23-85 years. Odds ratios (ORs) and(More)
Some dietary supplements may contain cardiac stimulants and potential cardiotoxins. In vitro studies may identify ingredients of concern. A beating human cardiomyocyte cell line was used to evaluate cellular effects following phenylethylamine (PEA), higenamine, ephedrine or caffeine treatment. PEA and higenamine exposure levels simulated published blood(More)
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