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BACKGROUND Heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (EF) is common. We compared the characteristics, treatments, and outcomes in HF patients with reduced vs preserved EF by using the(More)
BACKGROUND Aging is associated with adverse outcomes in patients with cardiac diseases. Whether elderly patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF) had increased risks for mortality and(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia in patients with heart failure (HF), but its prognostic importance is controversial. The effect of AF on long-term outcomes, including(More)