Sanae Arakawa Ishijima

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The chemical composition of the cell wall of Sz. pombe is known as beta-1,3-glucan, beta-1,6-glucan, alpha-1,3-glucan and alpha-galactomannan; however, the three-dimensional interactions of those macromolecules have not yet been clarified. Transmission electron microscopy reveals a three-layered structure: the outer layer is electron-dense, the adjacent(More)
Transcriptional repressor FL11 from the hyperthermophilic archaeon, Pyrococcus OT3, was crystallized in its dimer form in complex with a DNA duplex, TGAAAWWWTTTCA. Chemical contacting of FL11 to the terminal 5 bps, and DNA bending by propeller twisting at WWW confirmed specificity of the interaction. Dimer-binding sites were identified in promoters of(More)
Immunological functions peak at around puberty and gradually decline thereafter with advancing age. The immunological decline mainly occurs in the T cell-dependent immune system and is generally associated with an increase in not only susceptibility to infections but also incidence of autoimmune phenomena. The age-related changes in T-cell dependent immune(More)
Active sliding between doublet microtubules of sea urchin sperm axonemes that were demembranated with Triton X-100 in the presence or absence of calcium was induced with ATP and elastase at various concentrations of Ca2+ to examine the effects of Ca2+ on the direction of the power stroke of the dynein arms. Dark-field light microscopy of microtubule sliding(More)
Feast/famine regulatory proteins comprise a diverse family of transcription factors, which have been referred to in various individual identifications, including Escherichia coli leucine-responsive regulatory protein and asparagine synthase C gene product. A full length feast/famine regulatory protein consists of the N-terminal DNA-binding domain and the(More)
The stiffness (flexural rigidity) of live sperm flagella, Triton-demembranated flagella (axonemes), trypsin-digested axonemes, and doublet microtubules of the axonemes in echinoderms was determined from the relationship between their deformation when a stream of medium was applied and the viscous resistance of the medium acting on the flagellum. The(More)
Spermatozoa of the small myzostomid worm Myzostomum cirriferum usually swim with the flagellum foremost but occasionally stop and then swim with the head foremost. The spermatozoa have axoneme of the 9 + 0 type; thus each lacks the central pair microtubules. The flagellum emerges in the anterior end of the cell body and attaches to it with junctions. To(More)
The DNA-binding mode of archaeal feast/famine-regulatory proteins (FFRPs), i.e. paralogs of the Esherichia coli leucine-responsive regulatory protein (Lrp), was studied. Using the method of systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment (SELEX), optimal DNA duplexes for interacting with TvFL3, FL10, FL11 and Ss-LrpB were identified as(More)
The marine snail, Turritella communis, produces two types of spermatozoa, named apyrene and eupyrene. Eupyrene spermatozoa are usually paired, but unpaired ones are involved in fertilization. Movements of these spermatozoa were analyzed using a video camera with a high-speed shutter. The eupyrene spermatozoa usually swim with the head foremost but are able(More)
The classification feast/famine regulatory proteins (FFRPs) encompasses archaeal DNA-binding proteins with Escherichia coli transcription factors, the leucine-responsive regulatory protein and the asparagine synthase C gene product. In this paper, we describe two forms of the archaeal FFRP FL11 (pot0434017), both assembled from dimers. When crystallized, a(More)