Sanaa Sabet Botros

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Recent evidence suggest that resistance to praziquantel (PZQ) may be developing. This would not be surprising in countries like Egypt where the drug has been used aggressively for more that 10 years. The classic phenotype of drug resistance is a significant increase in the 50% effective dose value of isolates retrieved from patients not responding to the(More)
The dose of praziquantel required to kill 50% of adult worms in vivo (i.e. the ED50) was estimated for nine different isolates of Schistosoma mansoni in infected mice. Four of the isolates were selected because they had not knowingly been in contact with the drug (i.e. they were putatively praziquantel-susceptible). Five putatively praziquantel-resistant(More)
The aggressive use of praziquantel to combat schistosomiasis in Egpyt raises concern about the possible emergence of resistance. Eggs from Egyptian patients with praziquantel-resistant infections (not cured by 3 doses of praziquantel) have been used to establish infection-specific schistosome isolates in mice. The response of these worms to the drug was(More)
These studies are focused on schistosomes derived from human infections not cured by three successive doses of praziquantel that also produced infections in mice that were significantly more difficult to cure than infections with control worms. Half (three of six) of these isolates retained their decreased response to praziquantel after multiple passages(More)
We investigated the activity of artemether (ART) against different developmental stages of schistosomes alone and in addition to praziquantel (PZQ). ART was administered orally (400 mg/kg) 4 and 6 wk postinfection (PI), 4 and 5 wk PI, or 4 or 6 wk PI alone and in addition to oral PZQ (500 x 2 mg/kg) 6 wk PI. Mice were killed in parallel to infected(More)
The activity of the acyclic nucleotide analogue 9-(S)-[3-hydroxy-2-(phosphonomethoxy)propyl]adenine [(S)-HPMPA] against Schistosoma mansoni was investigated in mice. The compound was injected intraperitoneally, usually on two or five consecutive days, at 10 to 20 mg/kg of body weight/day. The treatment started before, at the time of, and after the onset of(More)
This trial investigated the anti-schistosomal activity of mirazid in comparison with that of praziquantel in Schistosoma mansoni-infected Egyptian patients. The sample population was composed of 1,131 individuals (459 school children and 672 household members). Screening for S. mansoni was conducted using the standard Kato Katz technique. Four slides from a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate immune mechanisms possibly involved in the amelioration of histopathological changes in livers of Schistosoma mansoni-infected mice treated with artemether (ART), including liver functions and apoptotic changes. METHODS Male CD-1 Swiss albino mice were infected with Schistosoma mansoni and treated with praziquantel (PZQ) 6 weeks(More)
In a multicenter investigation of the potential antischistosomal activity of myrrh, a resin obtained from an African plant, different derivatives of the resin, including the commercial preparation Mirazid, were tested at different doses in mice and hamsters infected with Schistosoma mansoni. In mice infected with the Egyptian (CD) strain of S. mansoni, four(More)
The level of drug-metabolizing enzymes (cytochrome P450 [CYP450] and cytochrome b5 [cyt b5]) and the bioavailability of praziquantel (PZQ) were investigated in batches of mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni displaying either a decreased susceptibility to PZQ ("EE2" and "BANL"-isolates), or a normal susceptibility to the drug ("CD" isolate). Each batch(More)