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BACKGROUND Measuring disease and injury burden in populations requires a composite metric that captures both premature mortality and the prevalence and severity of ill-health. The 1990 Global Burden of Disease study proposed disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) to measure disease burden. No comprehensive update of disease burden worldwide incorporating a(More)
BACKGROUND Non-fatal health outcomes from diseases and injuries are a crucial consideration in the promotion and monitoring of individual and population health. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) studies done in 1990 and 2000 have been the only studies to quantify non-fatal health outcomes across an exhaustive set of disorders at the global and regional(More)
Background:Survivors of neonatal infections are at risk of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI), a burden not previously systematically quantified and yet important for program priority setting. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were undertaken and applied in a three-step compartmental model to estimate NDI cases after severe neonatal bacterial infection(More)
We sought to examine the prevalence of central sleep apnea (CSA) and complex sleep apnea (CompSA) in patients with epilepsy and to examine their clinical profile, with respect to epilepsy type, etiology, medication use, and EEG abnormalities. We undertook a retrospective analysis of 719 consecutive patients with epilepsy who underwent polysomnography (PSG)(More)
BACKGROUND Each year almost one million newborns die from infections, mostly in low-income countries. Timely case management would save many lives but the relative mortality effect of varying strategies is unknown. We have estimated the effect of providing oral, or injectable antibiotics at home or in first-level facilities, and of in-patient hospital care(More)
We are living in the era of minute by minute developments and new technologies, the demand of easy way of life is the talk of the day. Engineering industries are focusing on the projects which advance and facilitate their customers with comfortable and secure living. This paper discusses the most advanced idea of Domotics, in which the comprehensive(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Approximately one-third of children with ulcerative colitis will experience at least 1 attack of acute severe colitis (ASC) before 15 years of age. Severe disease can be defined in children when Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis Activity Index is >65 and/or ≥6 bloody stools per day, and/or 1 of the following: tachycardia, fever, anemia,(More)
HIV possesses a remarkable capacity for mutational escape from therapeutics that target the viral proteins and enzymes. Inhibitory strategies aimed at highly conserved nucleic acid sequences within the genome are an attractive alternative. However, it has proven difficult to achieve an effective level of therapeutic at the appropriate site within the cell.(More)
As the largest surface area tissue interface of humans with their environment, acute malnutrition (SAM) and persistent diarrhea (PD, duration 14 days or greater) the small intestinal epithelium is simultaneously tasked with absorbing essential nutrients from food, while protecting against a vast array of microbes, toxins, and waste products in the gut lumen(More)