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OBJECTIVE To note knowledge, attitude and practices of females towards breast cancer. METHODS This KAP study was carried out at Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi from January to May, 2009. One thousand randomly selected adult females presenting as patients (excluding those with breast complaints) and their accompanying attendants were inducted and(More)
Dichlorvos (O,O-dimethyl-2:2-dichlorovinyl phosphate) was administered IP (3 mg/kg) daily for 10 days to a group of albino rats. Open field behavior was significantly depressed below the mean of the control group. On day 7, ambulation was reduced to 24% of the mean but recovered to 60% on day 10. Similarly, rearing response was decreased on day 7 and showed(More)
BACKGROUND Dermatologic surgery is a fruitful research area that has spawned numerous randomized control trials (RCTs). OBJECTIVE To assess the quality of reporting of randomization, blinding, sample size, and power analysis in RCTs published in the journal Dermatologic Surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Randomized control trials published in Dermatologic(More)
BACKGROUND Floaters are dislodged pieces of tumor tissue than can obscure Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) frozen sections and confound their interpretation. OBJECTIVE To understand the common causes of floaters and identify management strategies. METHODS An initial virtual consensus conference of Mohs surgeons based on a 60-item questionnaire. Data were(More)
BACKGROUND Aflatoxins are a metabolite of Aspergillus molds and are widespread in the natural environment. Workers who handle food grains are at increased risk of exposure to aflatoxins and subsequently certain respiratory conditions. In India, more than half of the employed population is engaged in some type of agricultural work, yet little known about the(More)
BACKGROUND Aspergillus antigens such as galactomannan antigen, a cell wall polysaccharide, can be detected in patient's serum or bronchoalveolar lavage. To study the prevalence of Aspergillus infection in patients with bronchogenic carcinoma, we measured galactomannan antigen in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage samples of patients with bronchogenic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a major challenge in intensive care units (ICUs). This challenge is even more discernible in a neurological setting owing to the predispositions of patients. Data on VAP in the neurology and neurosurgery ICUs (NNICUs) are scanty in developing countries. This study was conducted to find out the(More)
BACKGROUND Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are among the serious hospital-acquired infections. Data regarding BSIs in intensive care units (ICUs) are available but there is limited information regarding these infections in neurology and neurosurgery intensive care units (NNICUs). OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to find out the occurrence of BSI in NNICU(More)
Background:Syphilis generally considered to be a sexually transmitted disease, can also be transmitted in utero, and rarely by blood transfusion or non-sexual contact and is characterized by episodes of active disease, interrupted by latency. Congenital syphilis poses a significant challenge especially because infants may be still born, asymptomatic or(More)
Herein we present a retrospective case report of a very rare fibrolipoma originating in the orbit. Lipomas and related variants presenting in the orbit are very rare. Only 2 documented orbital fibrolipomas were noted in our review of literature. A 26-year-old woman presented with a growing mass below the left eyebrow 4 years after suffering facial trauma(More)