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Three archetypal ion pair nucleophilic substitution reactions at the methylsulfenyl sulfur atom LiX+CH3SX-->XSCH3+LiX (X=Cl, Br, and I) are investigated by the modified Gaussian-2 theory. Including lithium cation in the anionic models makes the ion pair reactions proceed along an SN2 mechanism, contrary to the addition-elimination pathway occurring in the(More)
The ion-pair S(N)2 reaction LiNCS + CH3F with two mechanisms, inversion and retention, was investigated at the MP2(full)/6-311+G**//HF/6-311+G** level in the gas phase and in acetone solution. All HF-optimized structures were confirmed by vibrational frequency analysis. Based on IRC analyses, eight possible reaction pathways in the title reaction are(More)
The detailed hydration mechanism of carbonyl sulfide (COS) in the presence of up to five water molecules has been investigated at the level of HF and MP2 with the basis set of 6-311++G(d, p). The nucleophilic addition of water molecule occurs in a concerted way across the C==S bond of COS rather than across the C==O bond. This preferential reaction(More)
The heavy dipnictenes (RE=ER, where E=P, As, Sb, and Bi with the substituent R) have essentially planar geometry and appreciable strength in pi-bonding, unlike related heavier main group 14 analogues of alkenes as concluded recently by Power. This work demonstrated that the protonated pnictenes behave more like the heavy carbene for their weak pi-bonding(More)
This paper describes theoretical studies of halogen-substituted heteroacetylenes (XCMY, M = Si and Ge; X, Y = H, Cl and F) performed at the QCISD(T)/6-311G//QCISD/6-31G level of theory. The electronegative halogen substituents destabilize the singlet state such that the triplet state tends to become favorable. The triplet state has the bifunctional(More)
Identity ion-pair S(N)2 reactions LiX + CH(3)X --> XCH(3) + LiX (X = F, Cl, Br, and I) have been investigated in the gas phase and in solution at the level of the modified Gaussian-2 theory. Two possible reaction mechanisms, inversion and retention, are discussed. The reaction barriers relative to the complexes for the inversion mechanism [DeltaH(cent) ((More)
Arynes, generated in situ from ortho-silylaryl triflates, undergo ene reaction with alkynes possessing propargylic hydrogen in the presence of KF/18-crown-6 in THF at room temperature to give substituted phenylallenes. Various terminal and internal alkynes as well as different arynes can be used to give the corresponding phenylallenes in good to moderate(More)
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