San-Cher Chen

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Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) participates in tumourigenesis but its role in breast cancer is unclear. We set out to elucidate the expression profile and function of HDGF during breast carcinogenesis. Immunoblot and immunohistochemical studies revealed elevated HDGF expression in human breast cancer cell lines and tissues. Nuclear HDGF labelling(More)
Toll-like receptor-3 (TLR-3) is a critical component of innate immune system against dsRNA viruses and is expressed in the central nervous system. However, it remains unknown whether TLR3 may serve as a therapeutic target in human neuroblastoma (NB). TLR3 expression in human NB samples was examined by immunohistochemical analysis. Quantitative RT-PCR and(More)
Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), reactive oxygen species (ROS), and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) are implicated in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Therefore, we asked if AGEs-induced ERK protein phosphorylation and mitogenesis are dependent on the receptor for AGEs (RAGE)-ROS-EGFR pathway in normal(More)
Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) overexpression is involved in liver fibrosis and carcinogenesis. However, the receptor(s) and signaling for HDGF remain unclear. By using affinity chromatography and proteomic techniques, nucleolin (NCL) was identified and validated as a HDGF-interacting membrane protein in hepatoma cells. Exogenous HDGF elicited the(More)
The prognosis of malignant melanoma is poor due to high incidence of metastasis, underscoring the demand for development of novel therapeutic strategies. Stress hormone pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) is the precursor for several anti-inflammatory peptides that hold promise for management of cancer-related diseases. The present study evaluated the(More)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), TGF-β receptor (TGF-βR), and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are important in the pathogenesis of kidney fibrosis, a result of renal fibroblast activation. The EGFR kinase inhibitor gefitinib attenuates glomerular fibrosis in hypertensive rats whereas dominant-negative EGFR attenuates interstitial fibrosis in(More)
BACKGROUND Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) is the precursor of several neuropeptides, such as corticotropin, melanocyte-stimulating hormone and the endogenous opioid (β-endorphin). Our previous studies have indicated that POMC gene delivery inhibited the progression and metastasis of B16-F10 melanoma via the α- melanocyte-stimulating hormone/melanortin-1(More)
Kidney interstitial fibroblast proliferation is important in the pathogenesis of diabetic renal fibrosis. In this regard, advanced glycation end-product (AGE)-induced proliferation in normal rat kidney interstitial fibroblast (NRK-49F) cells is dependent on the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathway. Heat(More)
Cutaneous malignant melanoma is the fastest increasing malignancy in humans. Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is a novel growth factor identified from human hepatoma cell line. HDGF overexpression is correlated with poor prognosis in various types of cancer including melanoma. However, the underlying mechanism of HDGF overexpression in developing(More)
Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) participates in oncogenic progression and represents a prognostic factor in several types of cancer. This study aimed to elucidate the role of HDGF during oral carcinogenesis. HDGF expression and the tumorigenic behaviors in human oral cell lines were investigated by immunoblotting, invasion and colony formation assays.(More)