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The role of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) in the pathogenesis of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) salt hypertension in rats was studied with AVP receptor antagonists for its tubular (V2) and/or vascular (V1) actions. When chronic (six weeks) infusion of the antagonists was started concomitantly with DOCA-salt treatment the development of hypertension was(More)
The antidiuretic hormone, arginine-vasopressin (AVP), may participate in the regulation of blood pressure (BP) through its vasoconstrictor effects. In anesthetized rats, exogenous AVP induced stronger vasoconstriction in the mesenteric than in the renal vascular bed. Conversely, mesenteric but not renal vascular resistance was reduced by a vascular(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the acute hypotensive efficacy of different types of inhibitor of the renin-angiotensin system. A renin inhibitor (RI), CGP 44,099 A, a converting enzyme inhibitor (CEI), enalaprilat, a peptidic angiotensin II (Ang II) antagonist, [Sar1, Ile8]Ang II (P-Ang IIA), and a nonpeptidic Ang II antagonist devoid of agonistic(More)
Arginine-vasopressin (AVP), the antidiuretic hormone, not only regulates water balance but may also exert direct and indirect effects on blood pressure by influencing systemic vascular resistance and body fluid volumes. Recently, specific competitive antagonists of AVP at its vascular and tubular receptors have been described. We used d(CH2)5Tyr(Me) AVP, a(More)
The effects of chronic i.v. administration of the serotonin 5-HT1 receptor agonist, 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT), on blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and baroreflex sensitivity were studied in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Acute i.v. injection of increasing doses of 5-CT resulted in a dose-dependent reduction in mean(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of the biphasic blood pressure response to the 5-hydroxytryptamine2 (5-HT2) receptor agonist, alpha-methyl-5-HT (alpha-Me-5-HT) in anaesthetized rats. In conscious rats, 5-HT (2.5-15 micrograms/kg, i.v.) produced typical triphasic blood pressure responses at the higher doses. In anaesthetized(More)
The mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) responses to intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of arginine vasopressin (AVP) in unanaesthetized normotensive control and DOCA-salt hypertensive rats were studied. Intracerebroventricular administration of AVP (0.25-1000 ng) to control rats produced dose-dependent long-lasting increases in(More)
The renal tubular arginine vasopressin receptor antagonist, d-(CH2)5-D-Tyr(Et)VAVP, is a potent inhibitor of the vasopressin-induced stimulation of adenylate cyclase in rat renal medullary homogenates in vitro. In acute experiments in vivo, this antagonist increased urine volume and decreased urine osmolality after i.v. or s.c. administration in normally(More)
Chronic i.v. administration of a competitive antagonist of arginine-vasopressin (AVP), d(CH2)5-D-Tyr(Et)-VAVP, in Sprague-Dawley rats induced only a transient diabetes insipidus (DI)-like state. Water excretion and intake were markedly increased on the first day of administration but subsequently reverted to normal. A similar response to the antagonist was(More)