Samy M. Abdel-Halim

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Insulin secretion and islet glucose metabolism were compared in pancreatic islets isolated from GK/Wistar (GK) rats with spontaneous Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and control Wistar rats. Islet insulin content was 24.5±3.1 μU/ng islet DNA in GK rats and 28.8±2.5 μU/ng islet DNA in control rats, with a mean (±SEM) islet DNA content of(More)
BACKGROUND A significant number of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exhibit skeletal muscle wasting and decreased capillary area formation, which correlate with increased mortality. AIM To determine the molecular mechanisms mediating decreased capillary formation in COPD. METHODS 24 patients with COPD and 12 matching controls(More)
The GK rat is a spontaneous model of NIDDM. The insulin response to 16.7 mmol/l glucose was markedly impaired in both isolated perfused pancreas and isolated islets from GK rats compared with control Wistar rats. Depolarization with 30 mmol/l KCl in the presence of 3.3 mmol/l glucose and 250 micromol/l diazoxide induced similar insulin responses in perfused(More)
Glucose-induced insulin release is markedly decreased in the spontaneously diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat pancreas. This defect was recently shown to be reversed by forskolin which markedly enhances cAMP generation in GK islets. These effects of forskolin were associated with overexpression of type-3 adenylyl cyclase (AC) mRNA due to the presence of two(More)
We compared the effects of two incretin hormones, glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36)amide (GLP-1) and cholecystokinin (CCK), on islet hormone secretion. GLP-1 strongly potentiated glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in the perfused rat pancreas and in vivo in mice (p < 0.001). In contrast, GLP-1 did not enhance arginine-induced insulin release under these(More)
The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat represents a spontaneous animal model of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) characterized by impaired glucose-stimulated insulin release from the pancreatic beta cells. To study whether an alteration in their islet beta-cell numbers occurs in parallel with the impairment of insulin secretion in this model, the(More)
Previous studies have indicated that various conditions under which an increased functional load is posed on the pancreatic islets, e.g. partial pancreatectomy and continuous glucose infusions, may influence the microcirculation of the pancreas. To investigate further the effects of elevated functional demand on the islets, the blood perfusion of the whole(More)
Glucose-induced insulin release is decreased in the spontaneously diabetic GK rat, a nonobese rodent model of type 2 diabetes. Forskolin restores the impaired insulin release in both the isolated perfused pancreas and isolated islets from these rats (Abdel-Halim et al., Diabetes 45:934-940, 1996). We demonstrate here that the insulinotropic effect of(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is an islet neuropeptide with potent insulinotropic action. The current study investigates PACAP expression in normal human and rat pancreatic islets, and whether it is altered in diabetic state. To that end, PACAP immunoreactivity was studied by immunofluorescence methods enhanced by the catalyzed(More)
AIMS Endothelial dysfunction is a key triggering event in the development of cardiovascular diseases and the current study explored this phenomenon in the context of inflammation, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway during chronic diabetes. MAIN METHODS alpha-Lipoic acid (ALA) and(More)