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OBJECTIVE To investigate the temporal relationship between speech auditory brainstem responses and acoustic pattern of the phoneme /ba/. METHODS Speech elicited auditory brainstem responses (Speech ABR) to /ba/ were recorded in 23 normal-hearing subjects. Effect of stimulus intensity was assessed on Speech ABR components latencies in 11 subjects. The(More)
Restoration of auditory input through the use of hearing aids has been proposed as a potentially important means of altering tinnitus among those tinnitus sufferers who experience significant sensorineural hearing loss. In animal models of neural plasticity induced by noise trauma, high-frequency stimulation in deafferented regions of the auditory spectrum(More)
OBJECTIVES The performance of cochlear implants varies among users. This variability may be due to the ability to process auditory information. The mismatch negativity should provide an index of discrimination in cochlear implantees (Kraus N, McGee T, Carrell T, Sharma A. Neurophysiologic bases of speech discrimination. Ear Hear. 1995;16:19-37). Our aim was(More)
The activity of the medial olivocochlear bundle (MOCB) can be studied in humans through variations in the level of evoked otoacoustic emissions (EOAEs) elicited by contralateral acoustic stimuli (CAS). The present study sought to investigate how the activity of the MOC system at a given frequency, as measured through the contralateral suppression of(More)
Electrically evoked auditory brainstem responses (EABRs) and loudness functions were measured in 14 subjects equipped with an MXM Digisonic cochlear implant. EABRs were evoked by 75-Hz pulse trains presented on the apical electrode. Loudness functions at the same rate and at a rate more conventional for psychoacoustic measurements (300 Hz) were measured(More)
We present an entropic Quantum Drift Diffusion model (eQDD) and show how it can be derived on a bounded domain as the diffusive approximation of the Quantum Liouville equation with a quantum BGK operator. Some links between this model and other existing models are exhibited, especially with the Density Gradient (DG) model and the Schrödinger-Poisson Drift(More)
This paper is devoted to the discretization and numerical simulation of a new quantum drift-diffusion model that was recently derived. In a first step, we introduce an implicit semi-discretization in time which possesses some interesting properties: this system is well-posed, it preserves the positivity of the density, the total charge is conserved, and it(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to find a correlation between cochlear implant performances in phoneme discrimination and activity of the brain-stem. METHODS Electrically-evoked auditory brain-stem responses (EABRs) and speech recognition performances were measured in 17 patients implanted with an MXM Digisonic DX10 cochlear implant. Speech(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to test for differences in late electrically evoked auditory potentials between subjects exhibiting "good" versus "poor" speech recognition performances with their cochlear implants. METHODS Late auditory evoked responses were measured in 30 subjects equipped with the Digisonic (MXM, Antibes, France) cochlear(More)
The present study aims to evaluate tone decay (auditory adaptation) in Digisonic cochlear implant patients, and to compare tone decay results with speech recognition performance. The following criteria are evaluated: tone decay occurrence, place effect, pulse rate effect, and correlation with speech recognition. A great variability in tone decay was found(More)