Samuela Laconi

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Olive oil mill wastewater (OMWW) was used as a substrate for the culture of a mixture of edible fungi in order to obtain a potentially useful microbial biomass and to induce a partial bioremediation of this fastidious waste. Before fermentation, the OMWW underwent an alkaline-oxidative treatment with the aim of decreasing the polyphenolic content which is(More)
In this manuscript, the authors compare the chemical composition and the biological effects of extracts of some Sardinian plant species: Glebionis coronaria (L.) Spach [=Chrysanthemum coronarium L.], locally known as 'caragantzu', Glebionis segetum (L.) Fourr. [=Chrysanthemum segetum L.], known as 'caragantzu masedu', and Sardinian endemic species Plagius(More)
Solid-state (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and elemental analysis techniques were used to monitor the degradation of wheat bran by the white-rot fungus Pleurotus ostreatus during a 62-day cultivation period. The weight loss and in vitro organic matter digestibility of the substrate were also evaluated after fungal treatment. The (13)C NMR spectra of(More)
The triterpene glycyrrhizic acid (GRA), the main product from the Glycyrrhiza glabra medicinal plant, is known for its antiinflammatory and antimicrobial activity. In this work, GRA was studied for its ability to induce the autophagic process activator Beclin 1 in epithelial cells and to observe how this property could influence its antiviral activity.(More)
Rhinovirus infections do not only cause common colds, but may also trigger severe exacerbations of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Even though rhinoviruses have been the focus of extensive drug development efforts in the past, an anti-rhinoviral drug still has to make it to the market. In the past, the viral capsid protein VP1 has(More)
Picornaviridae represent a very large family of small RNA viruses, some of which are the cause of important human and animal diseases. Since no specific therapy against any of these viruses currently exists, palliative symptomatic treatments are employed. The early steps of the picornavirus replicative cycle seem to be privileged targets for some antiviral(More)
Some natural triterpenes exert a definite antiviral activity on several human viruses. New synthetic derivatives of glycyrrhizic acid (GL) are even more active than the parental molecule. GL can alter the expression of viral genes involved in cell transformation, thus opening a new window for speculating on viral cancerogenesis.
Intestinal yeasts were isolated from 39 fish belonging to five different species of the Mugil genus. Among 42 isolates, 38 different strains belonging to 15 genera and 25 species were identified and characterized for adhesion to epitelial fish mucus, antagonistic properties against bacterial pathogens, production of enzymatic activity and biochemical(More)
Human Herpesvirus 8 (HHV8), the causative agent of Kaposi sarcoma, induces a profound modification of infected cell behaviour, with reprogramming of gene expression and changes in physiological properties, over-expression of the insulin receptor, increased resistance to stress conditions and prolonged cell survival in conditions of serum deprivation. This(More)
The bacteriolytic activity of nutritionally variant streptococci (NVS), fastidious microaerophilic bacteria, which are members of the genera Abiotrophia and Granulicatella, was characterized in a renaturating SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis system. Bacteriolytic profiles appeared quite different for the three species of NVS examined. Granulicatella(More)
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