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The actions of the 38- and 27-amino acid forms of synthetic pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP-38 and PACAP-27) on cerebral arterioles were tested in anesthetized newborn pigs equipped with closed cranial windows. The diameter changes of pial arterioles to topical PACAP were measured and cortical periarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid(More)
The role of cyclic nucleotides and prostanoids in cerebrovascular reactivity to increased carbon dioxide was investigated in anesthetized and artificially ventilated newborn pigs equipped with closed cranial windows. Pial arteriolar diameter was measured, and cortical periarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was collected from beneath the cranial window for(More)
The hypothesis that endothelium-dependent components contribute to the cerebromicrovascular dilation to hypoxia in the newborn pig was addressed. Piglets anesthetized with ketamine-acepromazine and maintained on alpha-chloralose were equipped with closed cranial windows. Injury to the endothelium of pial arterioles was produced by light activation of(More)
Responses of pial arterioles to topically applied arachidonic acid, conversion of exogenous arachidonic acid to prostanoids, and pial arteriolar dilation to hypercapnia were examined before and at progressive times after treatment with indomethacin (5 mg/kg i.v.) in chloralose-anesthetized newborn pigs with closed cranial windows. Before treatment with(More)
Hypercapnia-induced cerebral vasodilation in the newborn pig is a prostanoid-associated response. In some adult models, hypercapnic cerebral vasodilation is associated with the generation of nitric oxide (NO). Acetylcholine (ACh) produces a NO-dependent cerebral vasodilation in many adult models, but topical ACh is a prostanoid-associated cerebral(More)