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The transmembrane sialoglycoprotein podocalyxin is thought to be essential in the fine interdigitating foot process structure of the podocyte. The intracellular COOH-terminal amino acids Asp-Thr-His-Leu (DTHL) of podocalyxin comprise a putative ligand for a type I PSD95-Dlg-zona occludens-1 (PDZ) domain. A 20-amino acid synthetic peptide containing this(More)
To investigate the targeting mechanism for proteins bound to the mammalian Lin-7 (mLin-7) PDZ domain, we created receptor protein chimeras composed of the carboxyl-terminal amino acids of LET-23 fused to truncated nerve growth factor receptor/P75. mLin-7 bound to the chimera with a wild-type LET-23 carboxyl-terminal tail (P75t-Let23WT), but not a mutant(More)
Mammalian Lin-2 (mLin-2)/CASK is a membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) and contains multidomain modules that mediate protein-protein interactions important for the establishment and maintenance of neuronal and epithelial cell polarization. The importance of mLin-2/CASK in mammalian development is demonstrated by the fact that mutations in(More)
BACKGROUND Cilia are specialized organelles that play a fundamental role in several mammalian processes including left-right axis determination, sperm motility, and photoreceptor maintenance. Mutations in cilia-localized proteins have been linked to human diseases including cystic kidney disease and retinitis pigmentosa. Retinitis pigmentosa can be caused(More)
The Type VI Secretion System (T6SS) functions in bacteria as a contractile nanomachine that punctures and delivers lethal effectors to a target cell. Virtually nothing is known about the lifestyle or physiology that dictates when bacteria normally produce their T6SS, which prevents a clear understanding of how bacteria benefit from its action in their(More)
Cyclic AMP (cAMP) regulates many biological processes and cellular functions. The importance of spatially localized intracellular gradients of cAMP is increasingly appreciated. Previous work in macrophages has shown that cAMP is produced during phagocytosis and that elevated cAMP levels suppress host defense functions, including generation of(More)
Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) microscopy has emerged as a powerful tool to visualize nanoscale protein-protein interactions while capturing their microscale organization and millisecond dynamics. Recently, FRET microscopy was extended to imaging of multiple donor-acceptor pairs, thereby enabling visualization of multiple biochemical events(More)
Protein kinase C ε (PKC ε ) signals through RhoA to modulate cell invasion and motility. In this study, the multifaceted interaction between PKC ε and RhoA was defined. Phosphopeptide mapping revealed that PKC ε phosphorylates RhoA at T127 and S188. Recombinant PKC ε bound to recombinant RhoA in the absence of ATP indicating that the association between PKC(More)
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