Samuel W. Straight

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BACKGROUND Cilia are specialized organelles that play a fundamental role in several mammalian processes including left-right axis determination, sperm motility, and photoreceptor maintenance. Mutations in cilia-localized proteins have been linked to human diseases including cystic kidney disease and retinitis pigmentosa. Retinitis pigmentosa can be caused(More)
A new reverse genetics method has been developed to identify and isolate deletion mutants for targeted plant genes. Deletion mutant libraries are generated using fast neutron bombardment. DNA samples extracted from the deletion libraries are used to screen for deletion mutants by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using specific primers flanking the targeted(More)
Mammalian Lin-2 (mLin-2)/CASK is a membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) and contains multidomain modules that mediate protein-protein interactions important for the establishment and maintenance of neuronal and epithelial cell polarization. The importance of mLin-2/CASK in mammalian development is demonstrated by the fact that mutations in(More)
In Caenorhabditis elegans, three PDZ domain proteins, Lin-2, Lin-7, and Lin-10, are necessary for the proper targeting of the Let-23 growth factor receptor to the basolateral surface of epithelial cells. It has been demonstrated that homologues of Lin-2, Lin-7, and Lin-10 form a heterotrimeric complex in mammalian brain. Using Far Western overlay assay, we(More)
In Caenorhabditis elegans, lin-2, lin-7, and lin-10 genetically interact to control the trafficking of the Let-23 growth factor receptor to the basolateral surface of body epithelia. The human homologue of the lin-10 gene has recently been identified as a member of the X11 gene family. The X11 proteins contain one phosphotyrosine binding (PTB) and two(More)
The human papillomavirus type 16 E5 oncoprotein possesses mitogenic activity that acts synergistically with epidermal growth factor (EGF) in human keratinocytes and inhibits the degradation of the EGF receptor in endosomal compartments after ligand-stimulated endocytosis. One potential explanation for these observations is that E5 inhibits the acidification(More)
In Caenorhabditis elegans, the basolateral localization of the Let-23 growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase requires the expression of three genes: lin-2, lin-7, and lin-10. Mammalian homologs of these three genes have been identified, and a complex of their protein products exists in mammalian neurons. In this paper, we examine the interaction of these(More)
Prior work in our laboratory established a connection between the PALS1/PATJ/CRB3 and Par6/Par3/aPKC protein complexes at the tight junction of mammalian epithelial cells. Utilizing a stable small interfering RNA expression system, we have markedly reduced expression of the tight junction-associated protein PALS1 in MDCKII cells. The loss of PALS1 resulted(More)
Mammalian Lin-7 forms a complex with several proteins, including PALS1, that have a role in polarity determination in epithelial cells. In this study we have found that loss of Lin-7 protein from the polarized epithelial cell line Madin-Darby canine kidney II by small hairpin RNA results in defects in tight junction formation as indicated by lowered(More)
The transmembrane sialoglycoprotein podocalyxin is thought to be essential in the fine interdigitating foot process structure of the podocyte. The intracellular COOH-terminal amino acids Asp-Thr-His-Leu (DTHL) of podocalyxin comprise a putative ligand for a type I PSD95-Dlg-zona occludens-1 (PDZ) domain. A 20-amino acid synthetic peptide containing this(More)