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Sorghum is an important target for plant genomic mapping because of its adaptation to harsh environments, diverse germplasm collection, and value for comparing the genomes of grass species such as corn and rice. The construction of an integrated genetic and physical map of the sorghum genome (750 Mbp) is a primary goal of our sorghum genome project. To help(More)
The plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 (DC3000) is found in a wide variety of environments and must monitor and respond to various environmental signals such as the availability of iron, an essential element for bacterial growth. An important regulator of iron homeostasis is Fur (ferric uptake regulator), and here we present the first(More)
Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 is a model pathogen of tomato and Arabidopsis that uses a hypersensitive response and pathogenicity (Hrp) type III secretion system (T3SS) to deliver virulence effector proteins into host cells. Expression of the Hrp system and many effector genes is activated by the HrpL alternative sigma factor. Here, an open reading(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of specific genes and gene expression patterns important for bacterial survival, transmission and pathogenesis is critically needed to enable development of more effective pathogen control strategies. The stationary phase stress response transcriptome, including many sigmaB-dependent genes, was defined for the human bacterial(More)
Although chemically defined media have been developed and widely used to study the expression of virulence factors in the model plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae, it has been difficult to link specific medium components to the induction response. Using a chemostat system, we found that iron is the limiting nutrient for growth in the standard hrp-inducing(More)
A novel family of micronuclear elements termed telomere-bearing elements (TBEs) is described. All 1900 family members are eliminated during macronuclear development. We conclude that they are transposons, first because the members are moderately conserved in sequence and probably dispersed in the genome. Second, in two cases, sequence comparison of the(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato DC3000 (DC3000) is a Gram-negative model plant pathogen that is found in a wide variety of environments. To survive in these diverse conditions it must sense and respond to various environmental cues. One micronutrient required for most forms of life is iron. Bioavailable iron has been shown to be an important(More)
The ciliated protozoa exhibit nuclear dimorphism. The genome of the somatic macronucleus arises from the germ-line genome of the micronucleus following conjugation. We have studied the fates of highly repetitious sequences in this process. Two cloned, tandemly repeated sequences from the micronucleus of Oxytricha fallax were used as probes in hybridizations(More)
The 81-MAC family consists of three sizes of macronuclear chromosomes in Oxytricha fallax. Clones of these and of micronuclear homologs have been classified according to DNA sequence into three highly homologous (95.9-97.9%), but distinct versions. Version A is represented by a micronuclear clone and by clones of two different-sized macronuclear(More)