Samuel Thorpe

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We conducted a cued spatial attention experiment to investigate the time–frequency structure of human EEG induced by attentional orientation of an observer in external auditory space. Seven subjects participated in a task in which attention was cued to one of two spatial locations at left and right. Subjects were instructed to report the speech stimulus at(More)
Might EEG measured while one imagines words or sentences provide enough information for one to identify what is being thought? Analysis of EEG data from an experiment in which two syllables are spoken in imagination in one of three rhythms shows that information is present in EEG alpha, beta and theta bands. Envelopes are used to compute filters matched to(More)
Steady-state visual-evoked potentials/fields (SSVEPs/SSVEFs) are used in cognitive and clinical electroencephalogram (EEG) and magnetoencephalogram (MEG) studies because of their excellent signal-to-noise ratios and relative immunity to artifact. Steady-state paradigms are also used to characterize preferred frequencies of dynamic neocortical processes. In(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the developmental trajectory of spectral, topographic, and source structural properties of functional mu desynchronization (characterized during voluntary reaching/grasping movement), and investigate its spectral/topographic relation to spontaneous EEG in the developing alpha band. METHODS Event related desynchronization (ERD) and(More)
The response of a population of cortical neurons to an external stimulus depends not only on the receptive field properties of the neurons, but also the level of arousal and attention or goal-oriented cognitive biases that guide information processing. These top-down effects on cortical neurons bias the output of the neurons and affect behavioral outcomes(More)
Surface Laplacian of scalp EEG can be used to estimate the potential distribution on the cortical surface as an alternative to invasive approaches. However, the accuracy of surface Laplacian estimation depends critically on the geometric shape of the head model. This paper presents a new method for computing the surface Laplacian of scalp potential directly(More)
This paper describes a new algorithm for computing the surface Laplacian of scalp potential using realistic head geometry reconstructed from MRI scans. This method improves the accuracy of surface Laplacian over regions where the surface geomtery deviates significantly from a sphere. Simulations and experimental data are presented to demonstrate the(More)
The current study harnessed the variability in infants' neural and behavioral responses as a novel method for evaluating the potential relations between motor system activation and social behavior. We used electroencephalography (EEG) to record neural activity as 7-month-old infants observed and responded to the actions of an experimenter. To determine(More)
Many psychological theories posit foundational links between two fundamental constructs: (1) our ability to produce, perceive, and represent action; and (2) our ability to understand the meaning and motivation behind the action (i.e. Theory of Mind; ToM). This position is contentious, however, and long-standing competing theories of social-cognitive(More)