Samuel S. Edwin

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OBJECTIVE Changes in the maternal plasma concentrations of angiogenic (placental growth factor (PlGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)) and anti-angiogenic factors (sEng and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1)) precede the clinical presentation of preeclampsia. This study was conducted to examine the role of maternal plasma(More)
INTRODUCTION An imbalance between angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors has been proposed as central to the pathophysiology of preeclampsia (PE). Indeed, patients with PE and those delivering small-for-gestational age (SGA) neonates have higher plasma concentrations of soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1) and the soluble form of(More)
OBJECTIVE Accumulating evidence suggests that the balance between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), placental growth factor (PIGF), and their receptors is important for effective vasculogenesis, angiogenesis, and placental development. Recently, the soluble form of VEGFR-1 (sVEGFR-1), an antagonist to VEGF and PIGF, has been implicated in the(More)
OBJECTIVES Preeclampsia is considered an anti-angiogenic state. A role for the anti-angiogenic factors soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1) and soluble endoglin in preeclampsia has been proposed. Soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (sVEGFR-2) has been detected in human plasma, and the recombinant form of this(More)
Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HBEGF), which is expressed in the placenta during normal pregnancy, is down regulated in pre-eclampsia, a human pregnancy disorder associated with poor trophoblast differentiation and survival. This growth factor protects against apoptosis during stress, suggesting a role in trophoblast survival in the relatively low(More)
OBJECTIVE Adipose tissue has now emerged as a powerful endocrine organ via the production of adipokines. Visfatin, a novel adipokine with diabetogenic and immuno-modulatory properties has been implicated in the pathophysiology of insulin resistance in patients with obesity and Type-2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to determine whether there(More)
PROBLEM The fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS) is considered the counterpart of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), but similarities in their regulatory mechanisms are unclear. This study characterizes the fetal mRNA transcriptome of peripheral leukocytes to identify key biological processes and pathways involved in FIRS. METHOD(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine whether first-trimester maternal serum placental protein 13 (PP13) concentrations can be used in the risk assessment for preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN This case-control study included 50 patients with preeclampsia and 250 patients with normal pregnancies. Samples were collected between 8 and 13 weeks of(More)
OBJECTIVE Soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (sVEGFR-1), which antagonizes VEGF functions, has been implicated in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. The purpose of this study was to determine whether preeclampsia is associated with a change in the plasma concentration of sVEGFR-1, and, if so, whether such a change is correlated with the(More)
OBJECTIVE Interferon (IFN)-gamma inducible protein, CXCL10/IP-10, is a member of the CXC chemokine family with pro-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic properties. This chemokine has been proposed to be a key link between inflammation and angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine whether preeclampsia and delivery of a small for gestational age (SGA)(More)