Samuel Rayner

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Fluorescence two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE*) is a new development in protein detection for two-dimensional gels. Using mouse liver homogenates (control and paracetamol (N-acetyl-p-aminophenol, APAP)-treated), we have determined the quantitative variation in the 2-D DIGE process and established statistically valid thresholds for(More)
Nucleostemin is a nucleolar protein widely expressed in proliferating cells. Nucleostemin is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, and both depletion and overexpression of nucleostemin induce cell cycle arrest through the p53 signaling pathway. Although the presence of p53-independent functions of nucleostemin has been previously suggested, the(More)
Rhodamine 123 (Rh123) is a fluorescent dye which locates in the mitochondria of cells. It is a substrate for P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and can, therefore, be used as a molecular probe in studies of the multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype. However, not all MDR cells overexpress Pgp. In some, the MDR phenotype is associated with expression of an alternative(More)
Peroxisome proliferators are nongenotoxic rodent-liver carcinogens that have been shown to cause both an induction of hepatocyte proliferation and a suppression of apoptosis. Both epidermal growth factor (EGF) and the peroxisome proliferator nafenopin induce DNA replication in primary rat hepatocyte cultures, but apparently through different signalling(More)
Properties of a virus-like artificial gene delivery vehicle, synthesised from recombinant major coat protein of mouse polyoma virus, have been explored. The protein, VP1, self assembles into protein spheres, or 'pseudocapsids, which can bind and transfer DNA into cells in vitro and in vivo. Here, the ability of pseudocapsids to carry DNA into a complex cell(More)
The transcription factors Oct4 and Nanog are essential for the maintenance of an undifferentiated and pluripotent state in early embryonic cells, embryonic stem cells and embryonal carcinoma cells in humans and mice. These factors are co-localized to promoters of more than 300 genes, and synergistically regulate their activities. Currently, the molecular(More)
We have purified HLA-DR from the spleen of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis. The patient had Felty's syndrome and was heterozygous for the DR4Dw4 antigen. We have isolated endogenous peptides from purified HLA-DR molecules. The peptides were purified by reverse phase HPLC and the major peaks were subjected to N-terminal sequencing. The peptides were(More)
Temperature-sensitive immortalized neural cells may be utilized to produce genetically engineered neural transplants. We have used a similar approach with mdx myoblasts. Control and mdx myoblasts were immortalized with a recombinant retrovirus that effects the expression of a temperature-sensitive simian virus 40 large T antigen. The resultant cells divide(More)
Nucleostemin (NS) is a nucleolar protein abundantly expressed in a variety of proliferating cells and undifferentiated cells. Its known functions include cell cycle regulation and the control of pre-rRNA processing. It also has been proposed that NS has an additional role in undifferentiated cells due to its downregulation during stem cell differentiation(More)
We present a study of the growth of the p-type inorganic semiconductor CuI on n-type TiO2 anatase single crystal (101) surfaces and on nanoparticulate anatase surfaces using synchrotron radiation photoemission spectroscopy. Core level photoemission data obtained using synchrotron radiation reveal that both the substrate (TiO2) and the overlayer (CuI) core(More)