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Enhanced formation and accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been proposed to play a major role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, and atherosclerosis, leading to the development of a range of diabetic complications including nephropathy, retinopathy and neuropathy. Several potential drug candidates as AGE inhibitors have(More)
Enhanced formation and accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGE's) have been proposed to play a major role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, aging, atherosclerosis, and Alzheimer disease leading to progressive and irreversible intermolecular protein crosslinkings. This process is accelerated in diabetes and has been postulated to(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Previous studies have shown that LR-90, a new inhibitor of AGE formation, prevented the development of experimental type 1 diabetic nephropathy. In this study, we examined the effects of LR-90 in the Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rat, a model of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome, and investigated the mechanisms by which it may protect(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Advanced glycation and lipoxidation endproducts have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, including diabetic nephropathy. LR-90, a new advanced glycation endproduct inhibitor, was investigated for its effects on the development of renal disease in diabetic rats. METHODS Diabetic animals were randomly allocated(More)
Methylglyoxal (MGO) is a highly reactive dicarbonyl compound known to induce cellular injury and cytoxicity, including apoptosis in vascular cells. Vascular endothelial cell apoptosis has been implicated in the pathophysiology and progression of atherosclerosis. We investigated whether the advanced glycation end-product inhibitor LR-90 could prevent(More)
A silent hemoglobin variant with substitution of serine for glycine at position 69 of the beta-chain was discovered in a healthy individual. Reverse-phase HPLC was used for globin chain separation and to separate the tryptic peptides of the variant. This variant was undetectable by conventional methods of protein separation such as electrophoresis,(More)
Ligation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) with their receptor (RAGE) plays an important role in the development of various diabetes complications, including atherosclerosis. Monocyte activation, adhesion, and migration are key events in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Previous studies showed that AGEs and S100b, a specific RAGE ligand, could(More)
Accelerated formation of advanced glycation/lipoxidation and endproducts (AGEs/ALEs) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diabetic complications. Several natural and synthetic compounds have been proposed and tested as inhibitors of AGE/ALE formation. We have previously reported the therapeutic effects of several new AGE/ALE inhibitors on the(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic retinopathy is associated with accumulation of advanced glycation end products in the retinal microvasculature. LR-90 is an effective multistage inhibitor of advanced glycation with renoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. AIM To explore the role of LR-90 in the progression of experimental diabetic retinopathy. METHODS(More)