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AIMS Studies have used myriad measures of family history of alcoholism (FH) making it difficult to compare them directly. Commonly used FH measures partition samples into the well known positive (FH+) and negative (FH-) dichotomy, although quantitative measures of density potentially provide more information. A standard FH measure would facilitate(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between alcohol use and health functioning in a sample of older adults screened in primary care settings. DESIGN A cross-sectional study. SETTING Thirty-seven primary care clinics. PARTICIPANTS Older adults (n = 8,578; aged 55-97) with regularly scheduled appointments in primary(More)
The treatment outcome literature suggests that alcoholics with coexisting drug dependence have worse prognoses. We compared three groups of inpatients treated on the same hospital unit for disorders of alcohol only (n = 51), cocaine only (n = 27), or both disorders (dual group, n = 27). At follow-up, we contacted 105 (81%) of 129 patients at a mean of 13.4(More)
BACKGROUND This study examines the relations between birth cohort, gender, and family history of alcohol problems on alcohol dependence, and on the endorsement of alcohol abuse/dependence symptoms related to antisocial behavior. METHODS Men (n = 1,365) and women (n = 625) were recruited from the community, hospitals, and other treatment sites and were(More)
We compared nicotine dependence and withdrawal in male alcoholic and control ever-smokers, controlling for relevant demographic and clinical variables. Alcoholics were more likely to meet criteria for moderate or severe nicotine dependence and endorse more nicotine dependence symptoms. Symptoms reported more frequently by alcoholics included: (a) using(More)
OBJECTIVE Potential moderator and mediator roles of several measures of socioeconomic status (SES) were investigated for the relationship between a family history of alcoholism (FH) and alcohol dependence symptoms in adulthood. METHOD These analyses were performed with a sample of 931 men and 385 women participating in studies at the Alcohol Research(More)
We conducted a retrospective chart review of older (n = 48; mean age = 69) and younger (n = 36; mean age = 30) patients who were admitted to residential/inpatient treatment for alcohol withdrawal and dependence. Although the two age groups did not differ in terms of recent drinking history, the elderly group had significantly more withdrawal symptoms for a(More)
The present study assessed the relationship between current alcohol symptoms and consumption levels in a heterogeneous sample of older adults. The sample consisted of 443 participants over age 55 who reported drinking within the past year, including social drinkers, alcoholics in treatment, and alcoholics not in treatment. Symptoms for the past year were(More)
The popular literature has publicized the adjustment difficulties of adult children of an alcohol-dependent parent (ACOAs); however, empirical studies do not provide consistent support. We examined the impact of parental alcoholism, degree of childhood socio-economic stress and gender on three broad categories of adulthood functioning (psychopathology,(More)