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Detailed studies of snow cover processes require models that offer a fine description of the snow cover properties. The detailed snowpack model Crocus is such a scheme, and has been run operationally for avalanche forecasting over the French mountains for 20 yr. It is also used for climate or hydrological studies. To extend its potential applications,(More)
Throughout the year 2001, size-segregated aerosol samples were collected continuously for 10 to 15 days at the French Antarctic Station Dumont d'Urville (DDU) (66 • 40 S, l40 • 01 E, 40 m above mean sea level). The nitrogen and oxygen isotopic ratios of particulate nitrate at DDU exhibit seasonal variations that are among the most 5 extreme observed for(More)
Climate-induced changes in snow cover are likely to affect cold arctic and alpine ecosystems functioning and major processes such as wintertime plant litter decomposition. However, it remains poorly studied in subalpine systems where the snowpack may be irregular. In this paper we explored the dynamic of the winter plant litter decomposition process, its(More)
Various computing and data resources on the Web are being enhanced with machine-interpretable semantic descriptions to facilitate better search, discovery and integration. This interconnected metadata constitutes the Semantic Web, whose volume can potentially grow the scale of the Web. Efficient management of Semantic Web data, expressed using the W3C's(More)
On Figures 1 to 23, we present a detailed view of nitrate mass fraction and isotopic composition profiles for each snow presented in this work together with the Blunier et al. and the Frey et al.'s snow pits. The black dashed lines represent the fit to the data used to derive the asymptotic values. Values in the lower yellow panels represent the asymptotic(More)
Atmospheric nitrogen oxides (NOx =NO+ NO2) play a pivotal role in the cycling of reactive nitrogen (ultimately deposited as nitrate) and the oxidative capacity of the atmosphere. Combined measurements of nitrogen and oxygen stable isotope ratios of nitrate collected in the Arctic atmosphere were used to infer the origin and fate of NOx and nitrate on a(More)
The structure and physical properties of a snow-pack and their temporal evolution may be simulated using meteorological data and a snow metamorphism model. Such an approach may meet limitations related to potential divergences and accumulated errors, to a limited spatial resolution , to wind or topography-induced local modulations of the physical properties(More)
This study discuss the potential of using remote sensing data from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), couple with Dense Media Radiative Transfer (DMRT) model, to constrain the snow-pack's optical grain size and density calculated by the detailed snowpack model Crocus. A snowpack Electromagnetic Backscattering Model (EBM) based on DMRT compatible with X-band(More)