Samuel M. Poloyac

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Cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs), such as 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14) -prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), are active prostaglandin metabolites exerting a variety of biological effects that may be important in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases. Ubiquitin-C-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) is a brain specific deubiquitinating enzyme whose aberrant function has(More)
OBJECTIVES Therapeutic hypothermia has been shown to decrease neurologic damage in patients experiencing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. In addition to being treated with hypothermia, critically ill patients are treated with an extensive pharmacotherapeutic regimen. The effects of hypothermia on drug disposition increase the probability for unanticipated(More)
The clinical use of therapeutic hypothermia has been rapidly expanding due to evidence of neuroprotection. However, the effect of hypothermia on specific pathways of drug elimination in humans is relatively unknown. To gain insight into the potential effects of hypothermia on drug metabolism and disposition, we evaluated the pharmacokinetics of midazolam as(More)
We hypothesized that A2A adenosine receptor (A2A AR) activation causes vasorelaxation through cytochrome P-450 (CYP) epoxygenases and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factors, whereas lack of A2A AR activation promotes vasoconstriction through Cyp4a in the mouse aorta. Adenosine 5'-N-ethylcarboxamide (NECA; 10(-6) M), an adenosine analog, caused(More)
Severe pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with unfavorable outcomes secondary to injury from activation of the inflammatory cascade, the release of excitotoxic neurotransmitters, and changes in the reactivity of cerebral vessels, causing ischemia. Hypoperfusion of injured brain tissues after TBI is also associated with unfavorable(More)
OBJECTIVES Therapeutic hypothermia is widely employed for neuroprotection after cardiac arrest. However, concern regarding elevated drug concentrations during hypothermia and increased adverse drug reaction risk complicates concurrent pharmacotherapy. Many commonly used medications in critically ill patients rely on the cytochrome P450 3A isoform for their(More)
Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) is the most abundant prostaglandin in brain but its effect on neuronal cell death is complex and not completely understood. PGD2 may modulate neuronal cell death via activation of DP receptors or its metabolism to the cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs) PGJ2, Δ(12)-PGJ2 and 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14)-PGJ2, inducing cell death independently(More)
The pregnane X receptor (PXR) and the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) are implicated in xenobiotic and endobiotic detoxification, including the clearance of toxic bilirubin. Previous studies have suggested both overlapping and preferential regulation of target genes by these receptors, but the mechanism of cross-talk remains elusive. Here we reveal a(More)
Splicing factors (SFs) coordinate nuclear intron/exon splicing of RNA. Splicing factor disturbances can cause cell death. RNA binding motif 5 (RBM5) and 10 (RBM10) promote apoptosis in cancer cells by activating detrimental alternative splicing of key death/survival genes. The role(s) of RBM5/10 in neurons has not been established. Here, we report that RBM5(More)
PURPOSE The monohydroxylated metabolite of arachidonic acid, 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), is a potent vasoconstrictor of cerebral microvessels. 20-HETE formation is substantially elevated in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in the rat subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) model. The presence of 20-HETE in human CSF has not been demonstrated. Therefore,(More)