Samuel M. Mahaffey

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BACKGROUND The DiGeorge syndrome is a congenital disorder that affects the heart, parathyroid glands, and thymus. In complete DiGeorge syndrome, patients have severely reduced T-cell function. METHODS We treated five infants (age, one to four months) with complete DiGeorge syndrome by transplantation of cultured postnatal thymus tissue. Follow-up(More)
Complete DiGeorge syndrome is a fatal condition in which infants have no detectable thymus function. The optimal treatment for the immune deficiency of complete DiGeorge syndrome has not been determined. Safety and efficacy of thymus transplantation were evaluated in 12 infants with complete DiGeorge syndrome who had less than 20-fold proliferative(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has been cited to have a mortality rate of 50%. There have been multiple studies at individual institutions demonstrating potential benefits from various strategies including extracorporeal life support (ECLS), delayed repair, and lower levels of ventilator support. There has been no multicenter survey of(More)
The effect of N-free energy substrate manipulation on tumor growth and metastasis, host maintenance, and intermediary metabolism was studied in parenterally fed Swiss mice bearing subcutaneously implanted Lewis lung carcinoma. Non-N energy was provided from dextrose (CHO), lipid emulsion (FAT), or a 75:25 balanced (BAL) solution, infused from day 14 through(More)
BACKGROUND Five patients with DiGeorge syndrome presented with infections, skin rashes, and lymphadenopathy after the newborn period. T-cell counts and function varied greatly in each patient. Initial laboratory testing did not suggest athymia in these patients. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether the patients had significant(More)
Filters used in i.v. administration sets were tested for their ability to retain bacterial endotoxins for up to 96 hours of continuous infusion. Inline filters composed of cellulose ester, polyacrylate, polypropylene, polyethylene, or Posidyne Nylon 66 were used during continuous infusion of 5% dextrose injection at 83 mL/hr. One milliliter of inoculum(More)
Transplantation of cultured postnatal human thymus was performed in a patient with complete DiGeorge syndrome. Biopsy of the graft 3 mo after implantation revealed normal CD1+ thymocytes in thymic cortical epithelial regions and CD1- thymocytes in thymic medullary epithelial regions, respectively. HLA analysis of graft thymocyte and thymic microenvironment(More)
Enterocolitis is the most common cause of significant morbidity and death in Hirschsprung's disease. Although most cases respond to nasogastric decompression, antibiotics, and colonic evacuation, some children have an unusually fulminant or protracted clinical course. Four cases are reported of pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) that developed 1 to 18 months(More)