Samuel Kessel

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Infant mortality among US black and white twins and singletons was compared for 1960 and 1983 using the Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Sets from the National Center for Health Statistics. Both twin and singleton infant mortality rates showed impressive declines since 1960 but almost all of the improvement in survival for both twins and singletons was(More)
To identify the risk factors responsible for differences in birth weight between blacks and whites, we investigated the effects of four maternal characteristics (age, parity, marital status, and education) on rates of very low birth weight (less than 1500 g) and moderately low birth weight (between 1500 and 2500 g). Using 1983 national data, we found that(More)
The relationship between maternal birth weight and infant birth weight was studied in the Buffalo cohort of the Collaborative Perinatal Project (n = 1,348). Regression techniques were used to control for confounders. Compared with infants of mothers who had weighed 8 lb or more at birth, infants of mothers who had weighed 6 to 7.9 lb, 4 to 5.9 lb, and less(More)
Analysis of US Natality Statistics using a bivariate (birth weight-gestational age) approach shows that trends among term-low-birth-weight infants (less than or equal to 2,500 g; greater than or equal to 37 weeks, term low birth weight) and preterm-low-birth-weight infants (less than or equal to 2,500 g; less than 37 weeks, preterm low birth weight) have(More)
Overweight among America's youth has prompted a large response from foundations, government, and private organizations to support programmatic interventions. The architecture for many of these programs was derived from "experts," whereas the perspective of families, and communities--those most affected and most instrumental in altering behavior--is rarely(More)
Black mothers in the United States are twice as likely as their white counterparts to experience a wide variety of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including prematurity, low birth weight, and infant and fetal death. Although blacks have higher proportions of births with maternal risk factors such as young age, high birth order, low education, and unmarried(More)
Health planners should base program decisions on the best information available. Combining information from different sources can be valuable in identifying problems--the essential first step in program planning. To facilitate this process, a workshop was conducted during the National Infant Mortality Surveillance Conference in Atlanta, GA. Maternal and(More)
Today, low birth weight--weight less than 2,500 grams (5 pounds 8 ounces)--is recognized as the single most significant characteristic of the newborn associated with a greater risk of mortality and morbidity. This paper highlights maternal and infant health factors associated with low birth weight, using data from the 1972 and 1980 National Natality(More)
The United States Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Sets: 1983 and 1984 Birth Cohorts from the National Center for Health Statistics were used to identify maternal and infant characteristics related to twin infant mortality; 41,554 white and 10,062 black live-born matched twin pairs were evaluated. Twin birth weight distribution was skewed with 48% of white(More)