Samuel K. Sia

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A rapidly emerging field in lab-on-a-chip (LOC) research is the development of devices to improve the health of people in developing countries. In this review, we identify diseases that are most in need of new health technologies, discuss special design criteria for LOC devices to be deployed in a variety of resource-poor settings, and review past research(More)
One of the great challenges in science and engineering today is to develop technologies to improve the health of people in the poorest regions of the world. Here we integrated new procedures for manufacturing, fluid handling and signal detection in microfluidics into a single, easy-to-use point-of-care (POC) assay that faithfully replicates all steps of(More)
This review describes microfluidic systems in poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) for biological studies. Properties of PDMS that make it a suitable platform for miniaturized biological studies, techniques for fabricating PDMS microstructures, and methods for controlling fluid flow in microchannels are discussed. Biological procedures that have been miniaturized(More)
This work demonstrates that a full laboratory-quality immunoassay can be run on a smartphone accessory. This low-cost dongle replicates all mechanical, optical, and electronic functions of a laboratory-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) without requiring any stored energy; all necessary power is drawn from a smartphone. Rwandan health care(More)
A large part of the excitement behind microfluidics is in its potential for producing practical devices, but surprisingly few lab-on-a-chip based technologies have been successfully introduced into the market. Here, we review current work in commercializing microfluidic technologies, with a focus on point-of-care diagnostics applications. We will also(More)
The development of technology for use in resource-poor countries encounters a specific type of challenge not ordinarily faced in academic science: the technology must be inexpensive and it must work with minimal infrastructure. This challenge is particularly severe when the problems being solved are, by their nature, ones that require high-technology(More)
2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag Gm In native tissues, cells respond to changes in local threedimensional (3D) microenvironments during diverse processes such as tissue morphogenesis, wound healing and cancer progression. A number of methods have been developed to dynamically control cell spreading and migration on 2D surfaces. Few techniques, however, are available(More)
An important problem in the life sciences and in health care is simple and rapid detection of biomarkers. Although microfluidic devices are potentially useful in addressing this problem, current techniques for automating fluid delivery--which include valves and electroosmosis--require sophisticated microfabrication of the chip, bulky instrumentation, or(More)
Vascularization of engineered human skin constructs is crucial for recapitulation of systemic drug delivery and for their long-term survival, functionality, and viable engraftment. In this study, the latest microfabrication techniques are used and a novel bioengineering approach is established to micropattern spatially controlled and perfusable vascular(More)
In many ways, the intrinsic features of microfluidics are a natural fit for a pointof-care (POC) diagnostics device (i.e. a diagnostic test performed near the patient without needing a clinical lab): low consumption of reagents and sample, miniaturization of device, and fast turnaround time for analysis. Thus, it comes as no surprise that much research,(More)