Samuel J. Markello

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This study evaluated the extent to which acute reactions to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) among 723 adult non-smokers differ between those who report a medical history indicative of atopy and those with no such history. Study subjects were divided into three risk groups, based on their medical history: people who reported a doctor-confirmed diagnosis of(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide benchmarking information for a large national sample of patients receiving inpatient rehabilitation after a stroke. DESIGN Analysis of secondary data from 893 medical rehabilitation facilities located in the United States and contributing information to the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation from 2000 to 2007. RESULTS(More)
This case-control study investigated the possible association between home environmental air pollutants and their effect on otitis media and asthma in children. Patients with physician-diagnosed otitis (n = 125, 74% response), with asthma (n = 137, 80% response), and controls (n = 237, 72% response) from a private pediatric practice seen between October(More)
Reports of recent exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and urinary cotinine levels were obtained on 663 never- and ex-smokers who attended a cancer screening clinic in Buffalo, New York, in 1986. Study objectives included determining the prevalence of exposure to ETS using urinary cotinine and identifying questionnaire exposure measures predictive(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide benchmarking information for a large national sample of patients receiving inpatient rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury. DESIGN Secondary data analysis from 893 medical rehabilitation facilities located in the United States that contributed information to the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation from January 2000(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide benchmarking information from a large national sample of patients receiving inpatient rehabilitation after lower limb joint replacement. DESIGN Secondary data analysis from 893 medical rehabilitation facilities located in the United States that contributed information to the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation from January(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the influence of diabetes on length of stay (LOS), functional status, and discharge setting in individuals with hip fracture. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This work included secondary analyses of 79,526 individuals from 915 rehabilitation facilities in the U.S. Patients were classified into three groups using the Centers for Medicare(More)
BACKGROUND The goal of this study was to examine mammography facility characteristics and explore how such characteristics may impact repeat mammography use. METHODS Mammography facility characteristics were obtained through a mailed a 21-item survey to Kansas mammography facilities. Medicare mammography claims were used to calculate facility-specific(More)
This study describes the passive smoking histories of 380 never smokers who participated in a study on the respiratory health effects of tobacco smoke exposure conducted at a cancer screening clinic in Buffalo, New York, in 1986. Subjects were asked to report on their exposure to tobacco smoke during childhood years at home, as an adult at home, and as an(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the ability of patient functional status to differentiate between community and institutional discharges after rehabilitation for stroke. DESIGN Retrospective cross-sectional design. SETTING Inpatient rehabilitation facilities contributing to the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS Patients (N=157,066)(More)