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The DATATOP database, which includes clinical information on 800 patients with early untreated Parkinson's disease (PD), is well suited to explore clinical heterogeneity in PD. Patients with early-onset PD (less than or equal to 40 years, N = 33) reached the same level of disability as the late-onset PD (greater than or equal to 70 years, N = 85) group at a(More)
We conducted prospective cognitive assessments over 14 +/- 6 (mean +/- SD) months of observation as part of the multicenter trial Deprenyl and Tocopherol Antioxidative Therapy of Parkinsonism (DATATOP), which involved 800 patients with early untreated Parkinson's disease. We administered tests that measured memory, visuospatial, and frontal lobe functions.(More)
We found a causal relationship between variation in plasma dopamine level and memory impairment in Parkinson's disease. If the level of dopamine was changed between the time of original learning and a later time of attempted memory retrieval, memory performance was impaired when compared with a maintenance of similar dopamine levels on both occasions. The(More)
The question of whether dementia of the Alzheimer type and dementia associated with Parkinson's disease are clinically separable is controversial. We examined possible neuropsychological differences in these two patient groups matched for overall severity of dementia. Patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type had more severe impairment on measurements of(More)
The distinction between cortical and subcortical syndromes of dementia is controversial. Clinical reports suggest that subcortical syndromes (eg, Parkinson's disease) involve less severe intellectual and memory dysfunction and lack the aphasia, agnosia, and apraxia typical of the cortical dementias (eg, dementia of the Alzheimer type). A recent(More)
The biocathode of a microbial fuel cell (MFC) offers a promising potential for the reductive treatment of oxidized pollutants. In this study, we demonstrated biological Cr(VI) reduction in the cathode of a MFC and identified putative Cr(VI) reducing microorganisms. The MFC was continuously monitored for Cr(VI) reduction and power generation. Acetate was(More)
Although intellectual impairment is common in patients with myotonic dystrophy, this aspect of the disease has received relatively little research attention. We examined 41 patients with myotonic dystrophy using objective neuropsychological procedures and magnetic resonance imaging. Ten patients (24%) had severe and generalized intellectual dysfunction,(More)
A retrospective study of 14 patients with epileptic seizures and 11 with nonepileptic seizures, all taking antiepileptic drugs, found epileptic patients had significantly longer P160, N200, and P300 latencies on auditory event-related potential recordings. Patients with nonepileptic seizures had generally higher IQs and significantly greater psychopathology(More)
The authors review the concept of subcortical dementia, specifically the dementia associated with Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, and progressive supranuclear palsy, all subcortical processes that involve deterioration of mental abilities. Subcortical dementia affords a unique opportunity to study the progressive memory loss associated with(More)