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BACKGROUND Hemodilutional anemia during cardiopulmonary bypass can lead to inadequate oxygen delivery and, consequently, to ischemic organ injury. In adult bypass, the nadir hematocrit can vary widely with body size and prebypass hematocrit variations, yet its effects on perioperative organ dysfunction and patient outcomes remain largely unknown. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of body habitus on coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) operative and long-term outcomes are not well defined. We aimed to elucidate the independent effects of small body size and obesity on CABG outcomes. METHODS Primary isolated CABG patients were grouped based on body surface area (BSA, m2) and body mass index (BMI, kg/m2)(More)
BACKGROUND New-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common complication of cardiac surgery that has substantial effects on outcomes. In the general (nonsurgical) adult population, AF has been linked to increasing obesity, which correlates with left atrial enlargement. It is not known whether postoperative AF is similarly linked to obesity. (More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the role of body size, if any, on operative and longer term outcomes following coronary artery surgery. METHODS A total of 3,560 consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting from 1991 to 1997, including 2,401 (67%) males and a mean +/- SD age of 63 +/- 10 years were ranked based on their body mass index (BMI).(More)
BACKGROUND Given its proven survival benefit, left internal thoracic artery to left anterior descending (LITA-LAD) grafting has become a fundamental part of CABG. This grafting also led to increased use of other arterial conduits, of which the radial artery is most popular. Whether radial grafting improves survival beyond that achieved by LITA-LAD alone is(More)
Gastrointestinal problems are infrequent but serious complications of cardiac surgery, with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Predictors of these complications are not well developed, and the role of fundamental variables remains controversial. In a retrospective review of our cardiac surgery experience from July 1991 through December 1997 we found(More)
BACKGROUND Blood transfusions have been linked to increased morbidity and mortality. Bleeding during and after cardiac operations and the hemodilution effects of cardiopulmonary bypass commonly result in blood transfusions. Because we could not find any studies evaluating the effects of transfusion on long-term survival after cardiac operation, we sought to(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute renal injury and failure (ARF) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been linked to low on-pump hematocrit (hematocrit). We aimed to 1) elucidate if and how this relation is modulated by the duration of CPB (TCPB) and on-pump packed red blood cell transfusions and 2) to quantify the impact of post-CPB renal injury on operational outcome and(More)