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BACKGROUND Drinking eight glasses of fluid or water each day is widely believed to improve health, but evidence is sparse and conflicting. We aimed to investigate the association between fluid consumption and long-term mortality and kidney function. METHODS We conducted a longitudinal analysis within a prospective, population-based cohort study of 3858(More)
AIM OF STUDY The study served to assure the quality of our catering, to locate problems, and to define further optimization measures at the Bern University Hospital. The main objective was to investigate whether the macronutrient and energy content of the hospital food complies with the nutritional value calculated from recipes as well as with the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine all cause and disease specific mortality in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee or hip. DESIGN Population based cohort study. SETTING General practices in the southwest of England. PARTICIPANTS 1163 patients aged 35 years or over with symptoms and radiological confirmation of osteoarthritis of the knee or hip. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Starvation and weight loss are common accompaniments of severe illness. The functional consequences of such malnutrition include not only physical changes but also psychological changes such as depression, anxiety, irritability, apathy, poor sleep pattern and loss of concentration. We carried out a pilot observational study in 22(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease is associated with an increased risk of cancer, but whether reduced kidney function also leads to increased cancer mortality is uncertain. The aim of our study was to assess the independent effects of reduced kidney function on the risk of cancer deaths. STUDY DESIGN Prospective population-based cohort study. SETTING &(More)
The aim of this study was to test the effect of cardiac output (CO) and pulmonary artery hypertension (PHT) on volumetric capnography (VCap) derived-variables. Nine pigs were mechanically ventilated using fixed ventilatory settings. Two steps of PHT were induced by IV infusion of a thromboxane analogue: PHT25 [mean pulmonary arterial pressure (MPAP) of 25(More)
BACKGROUND Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are difficult to diagnose. We used SwissNET data to characterise NEN patients followed in the two academic centres of western Switzerland (WS), and to compare them with patients followed in eastern Switzerland (ES) as well as with international guidelines. METHOD SwissNET is a prospective database covering data(More)
Microscopic pulmonary tumor embolism (MPTE) is an uncommon cause of dyspnea in patients with cancer and one of the most difficult to diagnose. MPTE is a syndrome that is pathologically characterized by the occlusion of small pulmonary arteries and arterioles by aggregates of tumor cells. Because the clinical picture resembles that of thromboembolic disease,(More)
OBJECT In ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt surgery, laparoscopic assistance can be used for placement of the peritoneal catheter. Until now, the efficacy of laparoscopic shunt placement has been investigated only in retrospective and nonrandomized prospective studies, which have reported decreased distal shunt dysfunction rates in patients undergoing(More)