Samuel Herberg

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Remote ischemic conditioning is cardioprotective in myocardial infarction and neuroprotective in mechanical occlusion models of stroke. However, there is no report on its therapeutic potential in a physiologically relevant embolic stroke model (embolic middle cerebral artery occlusion) in combination with intravenous tissue-type(More)
The activin A-myostatin-follistatin system is thought to play an important role in the regulation of muscle and bone mass throughout growth, development, and aging; however, the effects of these ligands on progenitor cell proliferation and differentiation in muscle and bone are not well understood. In addition, age-associated changes in the relative(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (BMSCs) hold great potential for cell-based therapy, yet the therapeutic efficacy remains uncertain. Transplanted BMSCs often fail to engraft within the bone marrow (BM), in part due to the poor survival of donor cells in response to inflammatory reactions, hypoxia, oxidative stress, or nutrient starvation.(More)
BACKGROUND A major problem in craniofacial surgery is non-healing bone defects. Autologous reconstruction remains the standard of care for these cases. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) therapy has proven its clinical utility, although non-targeted adverse events occur due to the high milligram-level doses used. Ongoing efforts explore the use of(More)
Bone tissue engineering via endochondral ossification has been explored by chondrogenically priming cells using soluble mediators for at least 3 weeks to produce a hypertrophic cartilage template. Although recapitulation of endochondral ossification has been achieved, long-term in vitro culture is required for priming cells through repeated supplementation(More)
Growing evidence suggests that the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is essential in regulating bone marrow (BM) derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cell (BMSC) survival, and differentiation to either a pro-osteogenic or pro-adipogenic fate. This study investigates the effects of caloric restriction (CR) and leptin on the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis in bone(More)
Muscle- and liver-derived IGF-1 play important roles in muscle anabolism throughout growth and aging. Yet, prolonged food restriction is thought to increase longevity in part by lowering levels of IGF-1, which in turn reduces the risk for developing various cancers. The dietary factors that modulate IGF-1 levels are, however, poorly understood. We tested(More)
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