Samuel Hawley

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This placebo controlled, double-blind study evaluated the efficacy and safety of lamivudine in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative/hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA-positive chronic hepatitis B. Patients were randomized to receive 100 mg lamivudine orally once daily for 52 weeks (n = 60) or placebo for 26 weeks (n = 65). Patients who were HBV DNA(More)
One thousand three hundred and eighty-two patients with rheumatoid arthritis requiring second-line therapy at 108 centres were entered into an open 6-months prospective tolerability study of enteric-coated sulphasalazine 2 g/day (Salazopyrin EN-tabs). Clinical and laboratory variables were measured, any adverse reactions and the reasons for withdrawal of(More)
Oral bisphosphonates (BPs) are highly effective in preventing fractures and are recommended first-line therapies for patients with osteoporosis. We identified the incidence and predictors of oral BP treatment failure, defined as the incidence of two or more fractures while on treatment (≥2 FWOT) among users with high adherence. Fractures were considered(More)
In January 2005, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in England and Wales provided new guidance on the use of antiosteoporosis therapies for the secondary prevention of osteoporotic fractures. This was shortly followed in the same year by market authorization of a generic form of alendronic acid within the UK. We here set out to(More)
Fracture liaison services are recommended as a model of best practice for organizing patient care and secondary fracture prevention for hip fracture patients, although variation exists in how such services are structured. There is considerable uncertainty as to which model is most cost-effective and should therefore be mandated. This study evaluated the(More)
OBJECTIVES to evaluate orthogeriatric and nurse-led fracture liaison service (FLS) models of post-hip fracture care in terms of impact on mortality (30 days and 1 year) and second hip fracture (2 years). SETTING Hospital Episode Statistics database linked to Office for National Statistics mortality records for 11 acute hospitals in a region of England. (More)
Fragility fractures of the hip have a major impact on the lives of patients and their families. This study highlights significant geographical variation in secondary fracture prevention with even the highest performing regions failing the majority of patients despite robust evidence supporting the benefits of diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of the(More)
Despite normal to high bone mineral density, patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have an increased fracture risk. T2DM medications could partially account for this excess risk. The aim of this study was to assess the association between insulin use and bone fracture risk in T2DM patients. A population-based matched cohort study based on a primary care(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the impact of NICE approval of tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) therapies on the incidence of total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) among rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in England and Wales. METHODS Primary care data [Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD)] for the study period (1995-2014) were(More)
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