Samuel Haile

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Eosinophils are recruited to the airways during allergic reactions, but animal models have shown that their mere presence is not sufficient for the development of bronchopulmonary hyperreactivity. Other factors, such as immunoglobulin (Ig)E, seem to be required. Using mice selected for the production of large amounts of IgE, the effects of antibody(More)
A murine model for antigen-induced bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) and airway eosinophilia, two hallmarks of asthma, was developed using ovalbumin-immunized mice, which produce large amounts of IgE (named BP2, "Bons Producteurs 2," for High Line of Selection 2). A single intranasal ovalbumin challenge failed to modify the bronchial responses, despite the(More)
This report examines the effect of recombinant murine (rm) IL-10 on antigen-induced cellular recruitment into the airways of sensitized Balb/c mice. The intranasal instillation of 10 micrograms ovalbumin induced an early (6-24 h) increase in the number of neutrophils, and a late rise (24-96 h) in that of eosinophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid(More)
Previous studies have shown that cytokine-dependent eosinophils undergo apoptosis, yet the mechanisms governing this phenomenon remain obscure. Fas antigen is a transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the tumor necrosis factor receptor family. Cross-linking of Fas antigen in numerous cell types leads to apoptosis. In the present study, we examined the(More)
The factors that contribute to allergic asthma are unclear but the resulting condition is considered a consequence of a type-2 T helper (TH2) cell response. In a model of pulmonary allergic inflammation, mice that lacked gammadelta T cells had decreases in specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) and IgG1 and pulmonary interleukin-5 (IL-5) release as well as in(More)
Inflammatory-cell infiltration and epithelial modifications are prominent lesions of the bronchial mucosa in asthma and in experimental allergic bronchopulmonary inflammation. However, the recruitment of inflammatory cells and their relationship to the epithelial modifications and to functional alterations such as bronchopulmonary hyperreactivity (BHR) are(More)
BACKGROUND Infiltration of inflammatory cells in the airways is a constant characteristic of asthma and is considered to result in bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR). We have recently developed a model of BHR using a selection of mice, named BP2, which display eosinophil-dependent BHR following antigen challenges. An anti-IL-5 antibody suppressed(More)
Lead toxicity has been associated with its ability to interact and damage DNA. However, its molecular mechanisms of action are not fully understood. In vitro studies in our laboratory indicated that lead nitrate (PbNO3) induces cytotoxicity and oxidative stress to human liver carcinoma (HepG2) cells in a dose-dependent manner. In this research, we(More)
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