Samuel Groeschel

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Virchow-Robin spaces (VRS) are perivascular spaces in the brain and can be visualized on magnetic resonance images (MRI). We attempt to provide a better understanding of the significance of VRS for pathological and physiological processes by reviewing the literature, presenting normative data for the first time, and proposing a definition for the dilatation(More)
There has been extensive interest in assessing the long-term effects of preterm birth on brain white matter microstructure using diffusion MRI. Our aim in this study is to explore diffusion MRI differences between adolescents born preterm and term born controls, with a specific interest in characterising how such differences are manifested in white matter(More)
Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can be used to study the functional connectivity in the somatosensory system. However, the relationship between sensory network connectivity, sensory deficits, and structural abnormality remains poorly understood. Previously, we investigated the motor network in children with congenital hemiparesis(More)
In this study, we analyzed the structural connectivity of cortico-cortical and cortico-subcortical language networks in healthy children, using probabilistic tractography based on high angular resolution diffusion imaging. In addition to anatomically defining seed and target regions for tractography, we used fMRI to target inferior frontal and superior(More)
BACKGROUND Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is a rare, genetic neurodegenerative disease. It leads to progressive demyelination resulting in regression of development and early death. With regard to experimental therapies, knowledge of the natural course of the disease is highly important. We aimed to analyse onset and character of first symptoms in MLD(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Metachromatic leukodystrophy is a lysosomal storage disorder leading to progressive demyelination of brain white matter. This is sensitively detected using magnetic resonance imaging. The volume of demyelination, the "demyelination load," could serve as a useful parameter for assessing both the natural course of the disease and(More)
OBJECTIVE Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is a rare metabolic disorder leading to demyelination and rapid neurologic deterioration. As therapeutic options evolve, it seems essential to understand and quantify progression of the natural disease. The aim of this study was to assess cerebral volumetric changes in children with MLD in comparison to normal(More)
Metachromatic Leukodystrophy (MLD) is a rare disorder leading to demyelination and neurological impairment. A natural history study within the German leukodystrophy network analyzed MRI changes with respect to the clinical course. 113 MR images of 68 patients (33 late-infantile, 35 juvenile) were studied cross-sectionally and longitudinally. MRI and motor(More)
Megalencephaly with dilated Virchow-Robin spaces has been suggested to represent a new clinical entity. This report describes two males and a female who have been monitored from pregnancy. The patients manifest a relatively normal psychomotor development with some minor neurologic symptoms such as mild muscle hypotonia and clumsy motor performance.(More)
BACKGROUND Advanced modalities such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion MR tractography offer in vivo information about brain networks and are therefore increasingly used for neurosurgical planning in children also. AIM This study aims to study the application of routine and advanced tractography algorithms and its comparison with(More)