Samuel Granjeaud

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The term innate immunity refers to a number of evolutionary ancient mechanisms that serve to defend animals and plants against infection. Genetically tractable model organisms, especially Drosophila, have contributed greatly to advances in our understanding of mammalian innate immunity. Essentially, nothing is known about immune responses in the nematode(More)
A total of 30-50% of early breast cancer (EBC) patients considered as high risk using standard prognostic factors develop metastatic recurrence despite standard adjuvant systemic treatment. A means to better predict clinical outcome is needed to optimize and individualize therapeutic decisions. To identify a protein signature correlating with metastatic(More)
High-throughput measurement of hybridization signatures obtained using complex probes prepared from poly(A)+ RNA and high-density cDNA colony filters is described. The performance of the system, elimination of artifacts, and verification of the validity of the data are discussed. cDNAs corresponding to sequences present at levels of approximately 0.01% in(More)
Breast cancer is characterized by an important histoclinical heterogeneity that currently hampers the selection of the most appropriate treatment for each case. This problem could be solved by the identification of new parameters that better predict the natural history of the disease and its sensitivity to treatment. A large-scale molecular characterization(More)
Oncocytomas are large cell tumors characterized by an abnormal proliferation of mitochondria. To investigate this phenomenon in thyroid oncocytomas, we determined gene expression profiles of 87 samples using microarrays of 6720 PCR products from cDNA clones. Samples included 29 thyroid oncocytomas and six papillary carcinomas, the remainder representing(More)
The extensive heterogeneity of breast cancer complicates the precise assessment of tumour aggressiveness, making therapeutic decisions difficult and treatments inappropriate in some cases. Consequently, the long-term metastasis-free survival rate of patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy is only 60%. There is a genuine need to identify parameters that(More)
DNA or oligonucleotide arrays are widely used for large-scale expression measurements, using various implementations: macroarrays in which DNA is spotted onto nylon membranes of relatively large dimensions (with radioactive detection) on the one hand; microarrays on glass slides and oligonucleotide chips, both used with fluorescent probes, on the other(More)
DNA arrays have become the preferred method for large-scale expression measurement. Such data are needed in view of the large amounts of sequence data available: expression levels in a number of different tissues or situations provide a first step toward functional characterisation of new entities revealed by DNA sequencing. Although the basic principle of(More)
Non-germinal center small B-cell lymphomas represent a heterogeneous group of non-Hodgkin lymphomas, the most frequent histologic subtypes being small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), splenic marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (MZL), and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). In order to identify genomic signatures specific for each disease, we analyzed 128 primary tumors using(More)
 A set of 3000 mouse thymus cDNAs was analyzed by extensive measurement of expression using complex-probe hybridization of DNA arrays ("quantitative differential screening"). The complex probes were initially prepared using total thymus RNA isolated from C57BL/6 wild-type (WT), CD3e- and RAG1-deficient mice. Over 100 clones displaying over- or(More)