Samuel Fanta

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether variations in the ABCB1, ABCC2, SLCO1B1, CYP3A4, CYP3A5, or NR1I2 genes are associated with the pharmacokinetics of cyclosporine in pediatric renal transplant candidates, and whether the effects of these variants are related to age. METHODS A total of 104 pediatric patients (aged 0.36-16.3 years) were genotyped for 17(More)
To improve cyclosporine dose individualization, the authors carried out a comprehensive analysis of the effects of clinical and genetic factors on cyclosporine pharmacokinetics in 176 children before and up to 16 years after renal transplantation. Pretransplantation test doses of cyclosporine were given intravenously and orally, followed by blood sampling(More)
Low-dose ketamine is a lucrative therapeutic approach in cancer pain, perioperative treatment of pain, and management of treatment-resistant depression. The analgesic potency of its main metabolite norketamine is thought to be one third that of ketamine. However, few studies exist on the pharmacokinetics of orally administered S-ketamine. In our study, 11(More)
AIMS To use population pharmacokinetic modelling to characterize the influence of developmental and demographic factors on the pharmacokinetic variability of ciclosporin. METHODS Pharmacokinetic modelling was performed in NONMEM using a dataset comprising 162 pretransplant children, aged 0.36-17.5 years. Ciclosporin was given intravenously (3 mg kg(-1))(More)
Cyclosporine A (CsA) dose-interval pharmacokinetic profiles, performed 1-4 years post-transplantation, were collected from 74 renal transplanted children. Forty patients were on three times daily dosing (t.i.d.) and 34 on twice daily dosing (b.i.d.). Regression models for prediction of area under the curve (AUC) using 1-3 concentration time points as(More)
A time and sampling intensive pretransplant test dose design was to be reduced, but at the same time optimized so that there was no loss in the precision of predicting the individual pharmacokinetic (PK) estimates of posttransplant dosing. The following variables were optimized simultaneously: sampling times, ciclosporin dose, time of second dose, infusion(More)
AIMS Ciclosporin A (CsA) dosing in immunosuppression after paediatric kidney transplantation remains challenging, and appropriate target CsA exposures (AUCs) are controversial. This study aimed to develop a time-to-first-acute rejection (AR) model and to explore predictive factors for therapy outcome. METHODS Patient records at the Children's Hospital in(More)
Imatinib inhibits the kinase activity of Bcr-Abl and is currently the most effective drug for treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Imatinib also blocks c-Abl, a physiological tyrosine kinase activated by a variety of stress signals including damaged DNA. We investigated the effect of pharmacological inhibition of c-Abl on the processing of(More)
We performed three experiments in indoor streams and one experiment in a natural stream to investigate the effects of growth factors on d 13 C levels in benthic microalgae. In the indoor streams, algae grown under conditions of high light and high phosphorus had d 13 C values that were 16% higher than those in algae grown under conditions of low light and(More)
The health status of a woman with type 1 diabetes was followed during pregnancy in a maternity hospital. In addition to insulin, thyroxine therapy was applied due to hypothyreosis as a consequence of Basedow disease. Nephropathy and significant proteinuria had developed as complications of diabetes, with the proteinuria increasing considerably during(More)
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