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The homeobox gene Pax-6 is expressed during eye development in both the retina and lens, and Pax-6 mutations cause ocular abnormalities including retinal defects. We investigated the pattern of Pax-6 gene expression in the rd/rd mouse model of inherited retinal degeneration in comparison with nondegenerative controls, using Northern blot,(More)
Apoptosis is considered to be the final common pathway of photoreceptor cell death in different inherited retinal diseases. However, apoptosis encompasses diverse pathways of molecular interactions culminating in cellular demise. To begin dissecting these interactions, we have investigated key participants in the rd (retinal degeneration) model of retinal(More)
Inherited retinal degenerations such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) are characterized by progressive loss of photoreceptors, apparently by apoptosis, and our recent report of increased secreted Frizzled-related protein-2 (SFRP2) in RP retinas suggests altered Wnt signalling may be a component of the degenerative process. The present study shows that levels of(More)
The enteric nervous system (ENS) develops from neural crest cells that enter the gut, migrate, proliferate, and differentiate into neurons and glia. The growth factor glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) stimulates the proliferation and survival of enteric crest-derived cells. We investigated the intracellular signaling pathways activated by GDNF and(More)
PURPOSE Neurturin (NTN) and its receptor components (GFRalpha2 and Ret) play an important role in the survival of different populations of neurons in the central and peripheral nervous systems. To gain insight into their possible functions throughout normal retinal development and during retinal neuronal apoptosis, the retinal distribution of expression of(More)
PURPOSE Inherited retinal degenerations such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) are characterized by progressive death of the photoreceptors due to apoptosis. To identify changes in gene expression associated with the degenerative state in RP retinas, expression profiling of apoptosis-related genes was performed using a gridded array technique. METHODS Total(More)
Increased expression of clusterin mRNA is associated with neurodegenerative states, including retinas affected by retinitis pigmentosa (RP). We have investigated the distribution of immunoreactive clusterin in normal and RP-affected retinas. Reactivity at the inner limiting membrane, plexiform layers, and photoreceptors in normal retina accords well with(More)
The human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-3 (TIMP3) gene is the most recently characterized member of a family of genes whose products are implicated in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling. We previously described an increase in expression of TIMP3 mRNA in retinas affected by the progressive photoreceptor degenerative disease, simplex retinitis(More)
AlphaB-crystallin, which is abundantly expressed in the lens but also in a diversity of other tissues, functions as a stress-inducible molecular chaperone and is increased in brain neurodegenerative diseases. We compared retinal alphaB-crystallin expression in a model of inherited retinal degeneration, the rd mouse, and controls. Northern and in situ(More)
To gain insight into the mechanisms underlying altered clusterin expression in retinal degeneration, the cellular distribution of clusterin mRNA in normal and in retinitis pigmentosa-affected retinas was compared using in situ hybridization. In contrast to the normal retina, where clusterin mRNA is localized in the inner nuclear and ganglion cell layers, a(More)