Learn More
The Open-Source Chemistry Analysis Routines (OSCAR) software, a toolkit for the recognition of named entities and data in chemistry publications, has been developed since 2002. Recent work has resulted in the separation of the core OSCAR functionality and its release as the OSCAR4 library. This library features a modular API (based on reduction of surface(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of a mouse retro-element is presented. The cloned element is composed of 4,834 base pairs (bp) with long terminal repeats of 568 bp separated by an internal region of 3,698 bp. The element did not appear to have any open reading frames that would be capable of encoding the functional proteins that are normally produced by(More)
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of at least 14 zinc-dependent enzymes which are known to degrade the protein components of extracellular matrix. In addition, MMPs and related enzymes can also process a number of cell surface cytokines, receptors, and other soluble proteins. In particular we have shown that the release of the(More)
The pol gene of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) is expressed as a gag:pol fusion, arising from a ribosomal frameshift that brings the overlapping, out-of-phase gag and pol genes into translational phase. In this study, we show that HIV frameshifting is mediated by a very short sequence in the viral RNA. We demonstrate the importance of a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the immune response to HIV-1 p24 generated in vivo by p17/p24:Ty virus-like particles (p17/p24:Ty-VLP) by examining the lymphoproliferative and antibody (Ab) responses to HIV-1 p24, as well as Gag-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), in HIV-seronegative volunteers immunized with hybrid p17/p24:Ty-VLP. DESIGN AND METHODS Sixteen(More)
We have identified the major structural core proteins of Ty virus-like particles (Ty-VLPs) and shown that they are generated by proteolytic cleavage of the primary translation product of TYA, p1. This precursor protein is therefore functionally similar to the gag precursor of retroviruses. Cleavage is mediated by a Ty-encoded protease located at the 5'(More)
The virus-like particles (VLPs) of the yeast retrotransposon Ty are genetically, structurally and functionally analogous to retroviral nucleocapsids or cores. Like retroviral cores Ty-VLPs package and possibly promote the enzyme activities for reverse transcription and integration, as well as encapsulating the RNA that is the intermediate in(More)
In attempts to increase the immunogenicity of recombinant antigens, a number of particulate antigen presentation systems have been developed. In this study, we used human immunodeficiency virus Gag particles as carriers for the human immunodeficiency virus envelope V3 region. Gag:V3 fusion proteins were expressed from baculovirus expression vectors; they(More)
BACKGROUND The Blue Obelisk movement was established in 2005 as a response to the lack of Open Data, Open Standards and Open Source (ODOSOS) in chemistry. It aims to make it easier to carry out chemistry research by promoting interoperability between chemistry software, encouraging cooperation between Open Source developers, and developing community(More)
A s.c. route of immunization was developed in non-human primates, which targets the genitourinary-rectal associated lymphoid tissue. A vaccine consisting of rSIV gag p27, expressed as hybrid Ty virus-like particles (p27: Ty-VLP) was administered in the proximity of the internal iliac lymph nodes. Secretory IgA and IgG Abs to the p27 Ag were elicited in the(More)