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Cholinergic neurons in the mesopontine tegmentum are thought to play a critical role in the generation of paradoxical sleep (PS). However, no study has yet examined whether lesions of these neurons cause deficits of PS in the rat. We describe here the effects of lesions of the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPT) on spontaneous PS and on PS propensity,(More)
It has been repeatedly shown in cats that acute administration of carbachol into the pontine reticular formation (PRF) readily evokes a state that closely mimics natural paradoxical sleep (PS). Surprisingly, there are few corresponding studies in rats. In order to further characterize the effects of pontine carbachol in rats, 151 injections of different(More)
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) contains a master clock for most circadian rhythms in mammals, including daily sleep-wake cycles. The ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO) plays a key role in sleep generation and, as such, might be an important target of the SCN circadian signal. However, direct SCN projections to the VLPO are limited, suggesting that(More)
The perifornical lateral hypothalamic area (PeFLH), which houses orexin/hypocretin (OX) neurons, is thought to play an important role in arousal, feeding, and locomotor activity. The present study examined behavioural effects of activating PeFLH neurons with microinjections of ionotropic glutamate receptor agonists. Three separate unilateral microinjections(More)
We recently showed, using dual tract-tracing, that the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the site of the principal circadian clock in mammals, may have indirect projections to the sleep-promoting ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO) via relays in the medial preoptic area (MPA), dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus (DMH), and, to a lesser extent, the(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Chronic sleep restriction (CSR) impairs sustained attention in humans, as commonly assessed with the psychomotor vigilance task (PVT). To further investigate the mechanisms underlying performance deficits during CSR, we examined the effect of CSR on performance on a rat version of PVT (rPVT). DESIGN Adult male rats were trained on a rPVT(More)
Sleep disturbances are commonly associated with menopause. Hormone replacement therapy is often used to treat various menopausal symptoms, but its efficacy for improving sleep is a matter of debate. We addressed this question by using a rodent model of ovarian hormone loss and replacement in midlife. Middle-aged female rats were ovariectomized and implanted(More)
Rats were repeatedly administered with a low dose of diisopropylfluorosphosphate (DFP; 0.2 mg/kg/day, SC, for 9 or 21 days), an irreversible cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitor. Control rats received a daily injection of oil vehicle. Neurochemical changes occurring in the pontomesencephalic tegmentum (PMT), a brain stem region critically involved in behavioral(More)
Disruption of sleep/wake cycles is common in patients with schizophrenia and correlates with cognitive and affective abnormalities. Mice deficient in stable tubule only polypeptide (STOP) show cognitive, behavioral, and neurobiological deficits that resemble those seen in patients with schizophrenia, but little is known about their sleep phenotype. We(More)
Rats were repeatedly administered with low doses of diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP; 0.2 mg/kg/day, SC), an irreversible cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitor. Control rats received a daily injection of oil vehicle or of saline. Recordings of the sleep-wake states were obtained in the 6 h following 1, 3, 6, 9, 13, 17, and 21 injections, as well as 2, 4, and 19(More)