Samuel Carroll Brooks

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Two sublines of a breast epithelial cell culture, MCF-10, derived from human fibrocystic mammary tissue exhibit immortality after extended cultivation in low calcium concentrations (0.03-0.06 mM) and floating transfers in low calcium (MCF-10F), or by trypsin-Versene passages in the customary (normal) calcium levels, 1.05 mM (MCF-10A). Both sublines have(More)
The relationship between steroid structure, estrogen receptor (ER) binding affinity, nuclear binding of the ER complex, and induction of progesterone receptor (PgR) have been examined. The level of ER in membrane-free homogenates of MCF-7 cells was found to be 10.0 +/- 0.5 fmol/micrograms of DNA by utilizing an enzyme immunoassay (EIA). However, only 2.5(More)
Since the structure and conformation of many estrogenic ligands cannot be described with X-ray crystallographic studies, molecular modeling techniques must be used to generate their 3-dimensional structures. The potential of three molecular modeling methods to simulate the X-ray crystallographic geometry of estradiol-17 beta and various analogs(More)
These experiments were designed to examine the effect of structural modifications to the estradiol-17 beta (E2) molecule on the estrogen response element (ERE) dependent activation of the thymidine kinase (tk) promoter. Estrogen receptor (ER) positive MCF-7 cells were transfected with plasmids containing one or two vitellogenin EREs inserted upstream of the(More)
Genome stability maintenance is regulated by both genetic and epigenetic mechanisms. DNA methylation is the predominant epigenetic mechanism in regulation of gene expression and in suppression of mobile DNA elements from random integration in the genome. The importance of DNA methylation in tumorigenesis has been demonstrated in cancer cells, which harbor(More)
Assays of estrophile protein (ER) in 161 patients with no previous additive or ablative hormonal therapy have been analyzed; 47.2 percent were ER positive; 52.8 percent ER negative. A total of 37.5 percent of premenopausal and 50.8 percent of postmenopausal patients had ER-positive tumors. The effects of additive and ablaive hormonal therapy were observed(More)
One thousand seventy-eight patients diagnosed with primary breast cancer were examined for racial differences in histopathologic and clinical parameters. There were no observed differences in tumor histopathologic type or tumor endocrine status between races. There were no differences with respect to time to breast tumor recurrence observed between black(More)
Estrogen receptors (ER) were present in tumor specimens from 29 of 34 cases of male breast cancer. There was a significant negative correlation of ER concentration with age. The quantity of ER tended to correlate directly with progesterone receptor levels, disease-free interval, and response duration among responders, but not to a statistically significant(More)
Steroid alcohol sulfotransferase (SAS) has been isolated from the cytosol of a human breast carcinoma cell line, MCF-7. This enzyme from Sephadex G-200 chromatography displayed a mol. wt of 118 KDa. The conditions for optimal enzymic activity of SAS were determined to be 20 min incubations at 45 degrees C in 0.2 M Tris buffer (pH 7.5) containing 0.06 M(More)
Retinoic acid (RA), a bioactive chemical compound synthesized from dietary derived vitamin A, has been successfully used as a chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agent through the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis acting via the retinoic acid receptors. Despite two decades of research on the function of retinoic acid, the(More)