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Cerebral malaria (CM) is a major cause of mortality in African children and the mechanisms underlying its development, namely how malaria-infected erythrocytes (IEs) cause disease and why the brain is preferentially affected, remain unclear. Brain microhemorrhages in CM suggest a clotting disorder, but whether this phenomenon is important in pathogenesis is(More)
Platelets have recently been shown to accumulate in brain microvessels of patients with cerebral malaria and to modulate the binding of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red cells to human brain endothelium in vitro. In the present study we used a platelet-endothelial cell coculture model to investigate the mechanisms by which platelets modify the function of(More)
Brain lesions of cerebral malaria (CM) are characterized by a sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum-parasitized red blood cells (PRBC) and platelets within brain microvessels, as well as by blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption. In the present study, we evaluated the possibility that PRBC and platelets induce functional alterations in brain endothelium. In(More)
Microparticles are plasma membrane fragments that are generated and released under physiological conditions. They are also released when tissue and/or systemic homeostasis is disrupted. These microparticles display different physiological features of the cells from which they originate. They are detected in some pathological conditions, but rarely suspected(More)
Plasmodium falciparum malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in African children, and factors that determine the development of uncomplicated (UM) versus cerebral malaria (CM) are not fully understood. We studied the ex vivo responsiveness of microvascular endothelial cells to pro-inflammatory stimulation and compared the findings between CM(More)
Severe malaria is characterized by the sequestration of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes (IEs). Because platelets can affect tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-activated endothelial cells (ECs), we investigated their role in the sequestration of IEs, using IEs that were selected because they can adhere to endothelial CD36 (IE(CD36)), a P. falciparum(More)
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a life-threatening complication of Plasmodium falciparum infection and represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The nature of the pathogenetic processes leading to the cerebral complications remains poorly understood. It has recently emerged that in addition to their conventional role in the regulation of(More)
BACKGROUND Malaria is still a major public health problem, partly because the pathogenesis of its major complication, cerebral malaria (CM), remains incompletely understood. However tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is thought to play a key role in the development of this neurological syndrome, as well as lymphotoxin alpha (LT). METHODS AND FINDINGS Using an in(More)
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a major contributor to malaria deaths, but its pathophysiology is not well understood. While sequestration of parasitized erythrocytes is thought to be critical, the roles of inflammation and coagulation are controversial. In a large series of Malawian children hospitalized with CM, HIV coinfection was more prevalent than in(More)
Cerebral malaria (CM), one of the most serious complications of Plasmodium falciparum infection, is characterized by the sequestration of infected erythrocytes (IEs) in cerebral microvascular beds. The precise mechanisms involved in the onset of neuropathology remain unknown, but parasite sequestration in the brain, metabolic disturbances, and host immune(More)