Samuel C. Spencer

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OBJECTIVE In this multicenter study, the efficacy and tolerability of lamotrigine were assessed in 285 children less than 13 years of age, recruited from 37 centers in 11 countries. METHODS Pooled data from five open add-on studies have been analyzed. All the children had treatment-resistant epilepsy and most had two or more seizure types. Seizure(More)
Immunohistological studies with a mouse anti-rat macrophage mAb (BMAC-5) demonstrated the presence of numerous positive cells in the interstitial connective tissues of many organs. The pattern resembled that seen with anti-MHC class II antibodies, with the striking exception that BMAC-5+ cells were rare or absent in the portal triad, the islets of(More)
Cervical somatosensory evoked potentials, brainstem evoked potentials, visual evoked potentials, and the cerebral contingent negative variation were recorded in patients with definite multiple sclerosis before, during, and after spinal cord stimulation. Improvements were seen in the cervical somatosensory and brainstem evoked potentials but neither the(More)
We have previously reported 5-30-fold increases in the expression of class I and class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens in rejecting heart and kidney allografts in the DA-to-PVG rat strain combination. We examine here the effects of immunosuppression with cyclosporine on the induction of donor class I and class II MHC antigens in heart and(More)
We describe the bulk purification of a water-soluble form of RT1-A class I MHC antigens from aqueous extracts of DA liver. Using a combination of monoclonal antibody affinity, lentil lectin affinity, and gel permeation chromatography, we were able to obtain large quantities of pure water-soluble RT1-A antigens. Typically, from 40 DA livers, 0.5 mg of pure(More)
Administration of 1 ml of donor whole blood 7 d before renal transplantation produces long-term (greater than 100 d) graft survival in the DA (RT1a) into PVG (RT1c) rat strain combination. Using this model, the pattern and phenotype of infiltrating leukocytes were examined in rejecting and enhanced renal allografts, at days 1, 3, 5, and 7 after(More)
We have identified large quantities of a water-soluble, non-RT1.A class I MHC molecule in the serum of the DA rat strain, with a similar molecule being found in aqueous extracts of DA liver. The non-RT1.A class I molecules have heavy chains of 41 kD, which is smaller than RT1.A class I molecules isolated from liver membranes (45 kD) but larger than(More)
The RT1.A (H-2K,D type) class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens of the rat are well recognized as membrane-bound glycoproteins. In this report, we demonstrate that liver and kidney in the DA rat strain contain large amounts of a water-soluble RT1.A class I molecule with a discrete heavy chain approximately 5 kd smaller than the(More)
In this paper, we analyze in detail donor class I and class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigen induction in heart and kidney allografts in the DA-to-PVG rat strain combination. The immunohistological techniques and quantitative absorption analyses utilize monoclonal antibodies and assay systems specific for donor class I and class II MHC(More)