Samuel C. Chang

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Mammalian X-chromosome inactivation is an impressive example of epigenetic gene regulation, whereby the majority of genes on the approximately 160 Mb X chromosome are silenced in a strictly cis-limited fashion. In this review we will discuss the important players involved in the silencing process. The process is initiated by transcription and(More)
iVisual, an intelligent visual sensor SoC integrating 2790fps CMOS image sensor and 76.8GOPS, 374mW vision processor, is implemented on a 7.5mmx9.4mm die with 0.18μm CIS process. The light-in, answer-out SoC architecture avoids privacy problems of intelligent visual sensor. The feature processor and inter-processor synchronization scheme together(More)
Over the years, culturable cellulase-producing microorganisms have been isolated from a variety of sources and genes of cellulolytic enzymes have been cloned. Then again, the "great plate count anomaly" phenomenon necessitates a culture-independent metagenomic approach for the isolation of cellulolytic genes from microorganisms in their natural environment.(More)
This report describes a test for the bovine lentivirus, bovine immunodeficiency-like virus, in which polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology is employed. Two pairs of oligonucleotide primers directed to sequences within the coding regions of the gag and pol genes generated the expected PCR products from molecular BIV clones and from DNA of BIV-infected(More)
The transcriptional silencing of one X chromosome in eutherians requires transcription of the long non-coding RNA gene, XIST. Many regulatory elements have been identified downstream of the mouse Xist gene, including the antisense Tsix gene. However, these elements do not show sequence conservation with humans, and the human TSIX gene shows critical(More)
The silent X chromosome in mammalian females is a classic example of facultative heterochromatin, the term highlighting the compacted and inactive nature of the chromosome. However, it is now clear that the heterochromatin of the inactive X is not homogeneous--as indeed, not all genes on the inactive X are silenced. We summarize known features and events of(More)
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