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GABAB receptors are the G protein-coupled receptors for the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Molecular diversity in the GABAB system arises from the GABAB1a and GABAB1b subunit isoforms that solely differ in their ectodomains by a pair of sushi repeats that is unique to GABAB1a. Using a combined genetic,(More)
Pavlovian fear conditioning, a simple form of associative learning, is thought to involve the induction of associative, NMDA receptor-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) in the lateral amygdala. Using a combined genetic and electrophysiological approach, we show here that lack of a specific GABA(B) receptor subtype, GABA(B(1a,2)), unmasks a(More)
The presynaptic protein alpha-synuclein is a prime suspect for contributing to Lewy pathology and clinical aspects of diseases, including Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and a Lewy body variant of Alzheimer's disease. alpha-Synuclein accumulates in Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites, and two missense mutations (A53T and A30P) in the(More)
TLQP-21, a peptide derived from VGF (non-acronymic) by proteolytic processing, has been shown to modulate energy metabolism, differentiation, and cellular response to stress. Although extensively investigated, the receptor for this endogenous peptide has not previously been described. This study describes the use of a series of studies that show G(More)
Alpha-synuclein (alphaSN) brain pathology is a conspicuous feature of several neurodegenerative diseases. These include prevalent conditions such as Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), and the Lewy body variant of Alzheimer's disease (LBVAD), as well as rarer conditions including multiple systems atrophy (MSA), and neurodegeneration(More)
GABAB receptors mediate slow synaptic inhibition in the nervous system. In transfected cells, functional GABAB receptors are usually only observed after coexpression of GABAB(1) and GABAB(2) subunits, which established the concept of heteromerization for G-protein-coupled receptors. In the heteromeric receptor, GABAB(1) is responsible for binding of GABA,(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of rRNA synthesis inhibition on cell cycle progression and cell population growth according to the RB and p53 status. MATERIAL AND METHODS RB- and p53-proficient U2OS cells and the RB- and p53-deficient SAOS-2 cells were used, rRNA transcription hindered by actinomycin D, and cell cycle analysed by flow cytometry. (More)
The discovery of two missense mutations (A53T and A30P) in the gene encoding the presynaptic protein alpha-synuclein (alphaSN) that are genetically linked to rare familial forms of Parkinson's disease and its accumulation in Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites has triggered several attempts to generate transgenic mice overexpressing human alphaSN. Analogous to a(More)
The CA1 region of the hippocampus was dissected from WT, 1a-/-and 1b-/-mice as described (Lein et al., 2004). Proteins were extracted and the S1 fraction collected as described previously (Gassmann et al., 2004; Lein et al., 2004). Protein concentrations of individual samples were adjusted using the Bradford assay (Bio-Rad, Hercules, CA). 2.5µg of protein(More)
BACKGROUND Bcl2 is an important prognostic parameter in human breast cancer. However, the evaluation of Bcl2 expression by immunohistochemistry is carried out using arbitrary scoring criteria. In the present study, we evaluated the clinical relevance of a novel, semiquantitative classification of the Bcl2 immunostaining based on both the distribution and(More)