Samuel B Hawgood

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Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is one of two collectins found in the pulmonary alveolus. On the basis of homology with other collectins, potential functions for SP-D include roles in innate immunity and surfactant metabolism. The SP-D gene was disrupted in embryonic stem cells by homologous recombination to generate mice deficient in SP-D. Mice heterozygous(More)
Over the last four decades, H3N2 subtype influenza A viruses have gradually acquired additional potential sites for glycosylation within the globular head of the hemagglutinin (HA) protein. Here, we have examined the biological effect of additional glycosylation on the virulence of H3N2 influenza viruses. We created otherwise isogenic reassortant viruses by(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) who have a "poor prognosis" with postnatal treatment now can be identified on the basis of liver herniation, early diagnosis (before 25 weeks' gestation) and a low lung-to-head ratio (LHR). Because complete in utero repair proved unsuccessful for this group, the strategy of temporary(More)
Collectins are secreted collagen-like lectins that bind, agglutinate, and neutralize influenza A virus (IAV) in vitro. Surfactant proteins A and D (SP-A and SP-D) are collectins expressed in the airway and alveolar epithelium and could have a role in the regulation of IAV infection in vivo. Previous studies have shown that binding of SP-D to IAV is(More)
Pulmonary surfactant is a phospholipid-protein complex which serves to lower the surface tension at the air-liquid interface in the alveoli of the mammalian lung and is essential for normal respiration. Inadequate levels of surfactant at birth, a frequent situation in premature infants, results in respiratory failure. In all species examined, surfactant is(More)
Surfactant protein B is a small homodimeric protein that is found tightly associated with surfactant lipids in the alveolar space. In this review, we discuss the actions of SP-B on phospholipid membranes using information predominantly obtained from model membrane systems. We try to correlate these model actions with current concepts of SP-B structure and(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental and clinical data suggest that fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion to induce lung growth may improve the outcome of severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia. We performed a randomized, controlled trial comparing fetal tracheal occlusion with standard postnatal care. METHODS Women carrying fetuses that were between 22 and 27 weeks of(More)
Previously we obtained compelling evidence that the fetus provides a critical signal for the initiation of term labor through developmental induction of surfactant protein (SP)-A expression by the fetal lung and secretion into amniotic fluid (AF). We proposed that interactions of AF macrophage (Mϕ) Toll-like receptors (TLRs) with SP-A, at term, or bacterial(More)
SP-A is a lung-specific pulmonary surfactant-associated protein containing a calcium-dependent carbohydrate recognition domain and collagen-like sequence. The protein is a major component of the extracellular form of surfactant known as tubular myelin. SP-A is thought to influence the surface properties of surfactant lipids and regulate the turnover of(More)
Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is synthesized and secreted by pulmonary epithelial cells. Like surfactant protein A (SP-A), SP-D is a collagen-like glycoprotein belonging to the “collectin” class of C-type lectins that may play an important role in pulmonary host defense. To begin studies on SP-D gene regulation and function using the mouse as an animal model,(More)