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We present findings suggesting that analogical inference processes can play a role in fluent comprehension and interpretation. Participants were found to use information from a prior relationally similar example in understanding the content of a later example, but they reported that they were not aware of having done so. These inference processes were(More)
Previous research has consistently found that spontaneous analogical transfer is strongly tied to concrete and contextual similarities between the cases. However, that work has largely failed to acknowledge that the relevant factor in transfer is the similarity between individuals' mental representations of the situations rather than the overt similarities(More)
Similarity is central in human cognition, playing a role in a wide range of cognitive processes. In three studies, we demonstrate that subjective similarity may change as a function of temporal distance, with some events seeming more similar when considered in the near future, while others increase in similarity as temporal distance increases. Given the(More)
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We present findings suggesting that analogical inference can play a role in the fundamental processes involved in automatic comprehension and interpretation. Participants were found to use information from a prior relationally similar example in understanding the content of a currently encoded example. Further, in doing so they were sensitive to structural(More)
In two studies, we find that participants are able to transfer strategies learned while interacting with a simulated physical system to a dissimilar and less perceptually-concrete domain. Interestingly, performance on the transfer task was completely unrelated to explicit knowledge of the structural correspondences between the systems. We suggest that(More)
There is little research examining the effects of decision processes on the individual, and the work that does exist has emphasized very high-level processes, associated with complex decisions made over extended periods of time, with substantial levels of engagement. We present two studies demonstrating very basic effects, in which use of a dimension in a(More)
While the use of concrete, contextualized and personally relevant examples can benefit learners in terms of comprehension and motivation, these types of examples can come with a cost. Examples may become too bound to their particular context, and individuals may have a difficult time recognizing when the underlying principles are relevant in new situations.(More)