Samuel B. Day

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Previous research has consistently found that spontaneous analogical transfer is strongly tied to concrete and contextual similarities between the cases. However, that work has largely failed to acknowledge that the relevant factor in transfer is the similarity between individuals' mental representations of the situations rather than the overt similarities(More)
examples in learning math. Science, 320, 454–455. Keane, M. T. (1996). On adaptation in analogy: Tests of pragmatic importance and adaptability in analogical problem solving. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, 49, 1062–1085. Keane, M. T., Ledgeway, T., & Duff, S. (1994). Constraints on analogical mapping: A comparison of three(More)
Similarity is central in human cognition, playing a role in a wide range of cognitive processes. In three studies, we demonstrate that subjective similarity may change as a function of temporal distance, with some events seeming more similar when considered in the near future, while others increase in similarity as temporal distance increases. Given the(More)
We present findings suggesting that analogical inference can play a role in the fundamental processes involved in automatic comprehension and interpretation. Participants were found to use information from a prior relationally similar example in understanding the content of a currently encoded example. Further, in doing so they were sensitive to structural(More)
Prior research has established that while the use of concrete, familiar examples can provide many important benefits for learning, it is also associated with some serious disadvantages, particularly in learners' ability to recognize and transfer their knowledge to new analogous situations. However, it is not immediately clear whether this pattern would hold(More)
There is little research examining the effects of decision processes on the individual, and the work that does exist has emphasized very high-level processes, associated with complex decisions made over extended periods of time, with substantial levels of engagement. We present two studies demonstrating very basic effects, in which use of a dimension in a(More)